NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Civics
NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Civics (Political Science) consists of five chapters and each chapter is very well explained in NCERT textbook. This page is prepared by academic team of Physics Wallah and uploaded with solution of all questions asked in NCERT exercise of class 9 political science. All the solutions are prepared as per the recommendation of CBSE to score good marks in class 9 SST. To solve another exercise with the help of Physics Walla NCERT solutions for class 9.
Chapter-wise NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Political Science
Brief description of NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Civics
Before we move to the solutions we have explain what are you going to learn in the important chapters of NCERT class 9 Political Science.
- NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Political Science (Civics) Chapter 1 – What is Democracy? Why Is Democracy?
The word Democracy has been derived from a Greek word Demokratic. Demos means people and Kratia means rule. So, democracy is the rule by the people.
Common Features of Democratic government and Non-democratic government:
(a) Democratic Government
- Government formed by people’s representatives.
- Representatives elected in a free and fair election.
- Different decisions of the government are taken in an open manner, debate in media, invitation to expert’s opinion, representations by the common man form a part of decision making process.
- Citizens have a right to oppose and criticize any government action and policy.
- Citizens have a right to protest, as long as the mode of protest is within the boundaries of law.
(b) Non-democratic Government:
- Rule by force, by a person or by a group of persons.
- No opposition is permitted
- No criticism of government views or of rulers is tolerated.
- Decisions are taken in an arbitrary manner; without reference to any rules or laws.
- Citizens have no rights.
- Citizens cannot resort to any method of protest.
- NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Political Science (Civics) Chapter 2 – Constitutional Design
Apartheid referred to the policy of discrimination on the basis of race as practiced by the government of South Africa. The main features of this policy were as follows:
All people were classified and separated on the basis of race.
(a) Each group had to live in a separate area:
There were separate schools and universities, separate theaters, separate shopping centers; separate coaches in trains. Marriage between persons belonging to two races was a criminal offence. There were restrictions on movement from one place to another. Non-whites had no votes. They had no say in the governance of the country. In short, the policy of apartheid denied human rights and rendered the government of South Africa as among the most oppressive regimes in the world in the 2011 century.
(b)The end of the policy of apartheid:
In 1910 the African National Congress was formed which aimed at establishing a non-racial democratic South Africa. The movement was intensified in the 1950s. In 1960s, the African National Congress Was banned. The African National Congress organized its own army to fight against the racial regime. The UN condemned the policy of 'South Africa. In the 1980s some western countries imposed sanctions against South Africa. By the end of the 1980s the international isolation of the government of South Africa was complete. With it began the process of ending the apartheid. The ban on the African National Congress was lifted and it leaders released. Negotiations began between the African National Congress and South African government for framing a new constitution which would give all South Africans the fright to vote. In April 1994, elections were held in South Africa as per the new provisions. The African National Congress won with a thumping majority and formed a non-racial democratic government. Finally, at the midnight of 26 April 1994, the new national flag of the Republic-of South Africa was unfurled marking the newly born democracy in the world.
(c) Towards a new constitution:
The party that had ruled through oppression and brutal killings and the party that led the freedom struggle sat together to draw up a common constitution. One of the finest constitutions the world has ever had. It gave to its citizens the most extensive rights available in any country. The Constitution makes it clear that in the search for a solution to the problems, nobody should be excluded, no one should be treated as a demon, everybody should become part of the solution, whatever they might have done or represented in the past. The South African constitution inspires democrats all over the world. A state denounced by the entire world till recently as the most undemocratic one is now seen as a model of democracy.
- NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Political Science (Civics) Chapter 3 – Electoral Politics
Those who crafted the Indian Constitution felt that it has to be in accordance with people's aspirations and changes in society. They did not see it as a sacred, static and unalterable law. So, they made provisions to incorporate changes from time to time. These changes are called constitutional amendments. Till date 104 amendments have been made in the constitution. The amendment procedure provided in the constitution is as follows. There are three categories of amendments:
- In the first category, amendments can be done by simple majority of members present and voting before sending it for the Presidents assent.
- In the second category, amendments require a special majority. Such an amendment can be passed by each house of Parliament by the two-thirds majority of the members of the house present and voting and then sent to the President for his assent.
- The third category of amendment is really difficult to pass. Besides the special majority mentioned in the second category, the same has to be approved by at least 50 percent of the state legislatures.
Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)
Q1. What chapters will be covered in NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Civics?
Ans. A total of five chapters will be covered in the NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Civics. Here we have listed them below.
- What is Democracy? & Why Democracy?
- Constitutional Design.
- Electoral Policy.
- Working for institutions.
- Democratic Right.
Q2. What is the right approach to scoring good marks in class 9 Political Science?
Ans. Political Science is important in the examination, and there is a high probability of getting more than two questions. Read NCERT textbooks and make proper notes. While preparing notes for Political Science refer to NCERT Solutions for better understanding. Note down important points and revise them regularly. Discuss with your subject teacher if you find any difficulty.
Q3. How to use NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Political Science?
Ans. The best way to use NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Political Science is to start the topic from the NCERT textbook, read the chapter, and try to solve questions yourself. Refer to NCERT Solutions if you find any difficulty in any topic. For example, you find hard to understand what democracy is? Then use NCERT Solutions to understand the fundamental concepts of the chapter. Note down all the essential points and revise them properly.