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Important Terms

Gender, Religion And Caste of Class 10

Sexual division of labour: A system in which all work inside the home is either done by the women of the family, or organised by them through the labour of domestic workers.

Feminist: A woman or a man who believes in equal rights and opportunities for women and men.

Patriarchy: Literally, rule by father, this concept is used to refer to a system that values men more and gives them power over women.

Family laws: Those laws that deal with family related matters such as marriage, divorce, adoption, inheritance etc. In our country different family laws apply to followers of different religion.

Urbanisation: Shift of population from rural areas to urban areas.

Occupational mobility: Shift from one occupation to another, usually when a new generation takes up occupations other those practiced by their ancestors.

Caste hierarchy: A ladder like formation in which all the caste groups are placed from the ‘highest’ to the ‘lowest’ castes.

Gender Division: It is a form of hierarchical social division based on biology, social expectations and stereotypes.

Child Sex Ratio: It is referred to as the number of girl children per thousand boys in a given period.

Majoritarian Dominance: The community belonging to a majority category takes the status of majoritarian dominance.

Secular State: A state which has no official religion of its own is known as the secular state. The secular state provides religious equality and equal status to all religions.

Secularism: Secularism is an ideology which deals with the equal status to all religious and prohibits discrimination on grounds of religion. It implies religious freedom, people enjoy the right to preach, practice or profess a religion of their choice.

Untouchability: A state of affairs in which some backward and lower caste people are treated as outcaste people, treated as untouchables and are not allowed to mingle with so-called upper caste.

Universal Adult Franchise: It refers to in which Right to Vote is given to every adult citizen of the country. It is one of the political rights of the people. In this

  •  “Universal” – signifies-to all,
  •  “Adult” – signifies right to vote.
  •  “Franchise” – signifies right to vote.

Minorities : The word signifies those groups of people or communities who are lesser in number in a given area.

Communal Representation : A system of separate electorate for the adequate representation of the people belonging to different communities.

Social Change : Social change signifies the modification which takes place in the lifestyle of people, i.e., mode of living, the social status, and cultural changes.

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