NDA Syllabus 2023: The UPSC has released the NDA Syllabus 2023 along with the NDA 2 Notification PDF 2023. As per the UPSC Calendar 2023, the NDA 2 2023 Exam is scheduled to be held on September 3, 2023. The Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) conducts the National Defence Academy (NDA) Examination twice a year to recruit suitable candidates eligible to get into the defence forces. Those who are going to appear for the NDA 2023 examination have to check the NDA syllabus for the subjects: Mathematics, English, and General Knowledge. There’ll be two papers, including Mathematics and General Ability Test (GAT).
The official notification for UPSC NDA 2 2023 has been released on May 17, 2023, on the official website. The NDA 2 2023 Exam is scheduled to take place on September 3. The NDA Exam, conducted by the Union Public Service Commission (UPSC), is held twice a year. Its purpose is to select qualified candidates for admission to the prestigious National Defence Academy and Naval Academy.
NDA Syllabus 2023
The Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) released the NDA syllabus for the written exam, which is available on its website along with the NDA 2 Notification 2023. The UPSC conducts the National Defence Academy (NDA) exam twice a year to select suitable male and female candidates for the defence forces of the country. The NDA syllabus is divided into two papers: Mathematics and General Ability Test (GAT). The Mathematics paper consists of 120 questions, while the GAT paper has 150 questions.
The NDA GAT syllabus is designed to assess a candidate’s basic knowledge of History, General Knowledge, Current Affairs (both national and international), English, Science, and Geography. On the other hand, the NDA Mathematics syllabus evaluates a candidate’s ability to solve mathematical problems using formulas, theorems, and other mathematical concepts. The NDA syllabus covers topics from the standards of Classes 10, 11, and 12.
Among the two papers, the GAT paper carries more weightage in the NDA syllabus. It holds a total of 600 marks, while the Mathematics paper carries 300 marks. Candidates who score above the cutoff marks in the written exam will be called for the SSB interview conducted by the UPSC. Candidates preparing for NDA 2023 must go through the detailed NDA Exam Syllabus in order to score higher marks in the examination.
NDA Syllabus 2023 Highlights
NDA Syllabus 2023 Highlights 
Name of the Organization 
Union Public Service Commission 
Name of exam 
NDA 2 2023 
Exam type 
Offline 
Category 
NDA Syllabus 2023 
Total number of questions 
270 Questions (120 from Mathematics
and 150 from General Ability Test) 
Total marks 
900 Marks (300 Marks for Mathematics
and 600 Marks for General Ability Test) 
Duration 
2½ Hours + 2½ Hours 
Date of Examination 
3rd September 
Negative Marking 
1/3 marks 
NDA Exam Pattern 2023
The NDA exam pattern consists of two stages: the written exam and the SSB Interview. The written exam takes place in two shifts: morning and afternoon. It is divided into two parts: Mathematics and General Ability Test (GAT). The NDA GAT section has two subparts: Part AEnglish Test and Part BGeneral Awareness or General Knowledge Test.
In the NDA GAT section, there are a total of 150 questions, while the Mathematics section has 120 questions. The NDA question paper is available in both English and Hindi languages. The written exam is worth a total of 900 marks and has a duration of five hours. Candidates who pass the written exam are then called for the SSB Interview. The SSB Interview is worth 900 marks. Candidates can check NDA Syllabus 2023 in the given below table:
Subject 
Duration 
Maximum Marks 
Mathematics 
2½ Hours 
300 
General Ability Test 
2½ Hours 
600 

Total 
900 
SSB Test/Interview 

900 
NDA Syllabus 2023 PDF
The NDA Syllabus 2023 PDF will help aspirants to strategize their preparation. It helps them to identify the topics which need to cover to crack the NDA exam. Candidates can download NDA Syllabus 2023 PDF by clicking on the link given below.
Download NDA Syllabus 2023 PDF
NDA Syllabus for Mathematics
The NDA Mathematics Syllabus 2023 includes various topics such as Algebra, Matrices & Determinants, Trigonometry, Analytical Geometry of Two and Three Dimensions, Differential Calculus, Integral Calculus and Differential Equation, Vector Algebra, and Statistics and Probability. Mathematics is the Paper 1 of the NDA exam, and it carries a maximum of 300 marks.
Preparing for the NDA Mathematics requires consistent practice and dedicated efforts to improve your preparation and results. It is important for candidates to maintain accuracy and speed in order to answer the questions within the given time and achieve the desired outcomes. For a detailed breakdown of all the individual topics in the NDA 1 2023 mathematics syllabus, please refer to the NDA Mathematics table provided below.
NDA Syllabus for Mathematics (Paper 1) 
Algebra 
 Set theory, set operations, and Venn diagrams.
 De Morgan laws, relation, and the Cartesian product of equivalence.
 Real numbers are represented on a line.
 Basic characteristics, modulus, argument, and cube roots of unity of complex numbers.
 Binary number system.
 Conversion of a number between the binary and decimal systems.
 Progressions in geometry, harmony, and arithmetic.
 Realcoefficient quadratic equations
 Graphbased solutions to twovariable linear equations.
 Combination and Permutation.
 The binomial theorem and its uses.
 Applications for logarithms.

Matrices and Determinants 
 Matrix types and Matrix operations
 Basic characteristics of determinants, a matrix’s determinant.
 Inverse and adjacent to a square matrix.
 Applications include the use of Cramer’s rule and the Matrix method to solve a system of linear equations with two or three unknowns.

Trigonometry 
 Angles and their degrees and radians measurements.
 Ratios of trigonometry.
 Formulas for the sum and difference of trigonometric identities.
 Submultiple and Multiple angles.
 Trigonometric operations in inverse.
 Applications include height and distance as well as triangular properties.

Analytical Geometry of two and three Dimensions 
 Cartesian coordinates with a rectangular shape.
 Distance calculation.
 Many variations of a line’s equation and angles between two lines.
 A Point’s separation from a line.
 Circle equation in standard and general form.
 Parabola, ellipse, and hyperbola in their standard forms.
 A conic’s eccentricity and axis.
 Distance between two points at a point in three dimensions.
 Cosines and ratios of directions.
 Equation for two points
 Different equations involve a plane and a line.
 Angles between two planes and two lines.
 Equation for a sphere.

Differential Calculus 
 Realvalued function concept, including domain, range, and function graph.
 Functions that are composite, onetoone, onto, and inverse.
 Examples of a limit concept and standard limits.
 Examples and algebraic operations on continuous functions for the concept of function continuity.
 Applications for the geometrical and physical interpretations of a derivative of a function at a point.
 Derivatives of a function with respect to another function, derivatives of the sum, product, and quotient of functions, and derivatives of composite functions.
 Derivatives of the second order.
 Functions for increasing and decreasing.
 Application of derivatives to maxima and minima problems.

Integral Calculus and Differential Equations 
 Standard integrals using algebraic expressions, and trigonometric, exponential, and hyperbolic functions include integration as the inverse of differentiation, integration by substitution, and integration by parts.
 Applications for evaluating definite integrals include calculating the areas of flat regions bordered by curves.
 Definition of a differential equation’s order and degree, as well as examples of how to construct one.
 Examples include the general and specific solutions to differential equations, as well as the solutions to firstorder and firstdegree differential equations of various forms.
application in growth and decay problems.

Vector Algebra 
 Vectors in two and three dimensions, including a vector’s magnitude and direction.
 Unit and null vectors, vector addition, vector scalar multiplication, scalar product, or dot product of two vectors are all examples of vectors. Cross product of two vectors, or vector product.
 Applications include the work carried out by a force and its moment, as well as geometrical problems.

Statistics & Probability 
 Statistics
 Data classification, frequency distribution, and cumulative frequency distribution and their examples.
 The graphical representation includes frequency polygons, histograms, and pie charts and their examples.
 Mean, median, and mode constitute central tendency measures.
 Comparison and determination of variance and standard deviation.
 Correlation and regression.
 Probability
 Random experiment, events, mutually exclusive and exhaustive events, outcomes and associated sample space, impossible and certain events.
 Intersection and Union of events.
 Elementary, Complementary and composite events.
 Examples and a definition of probability, both classical and statistical.
 Simple problems with basic probability theorems.
 Simple problems include conditional probability and Bayes’ theorem.
 Using a random variable as a sample space function.
 Examples of random experiments that gave rise to the binomial distribution.

NDA Syllabus For English
The NDA Syllabus for English is an important part of Paper 2, which is the General Ability Test (GAT), in the written exam of NDA 2023. To boost their scores in the English section, candidates are advised to read newspapers every day. While reading, they should make a note of any challenging or unfamiliar words and look up their definitions to enhance their vocabulary. This practice will also aid in answering reading comprehension questions effectively. The objective of this paper is to assess candidates’ proficiency in the English language and their ability to use formal language appropriately.
NDA Syllabus for English – Paper 2 (Part A) 
 Reading Comprehension & cohesion Questions.
 Cloze Test Questions
 Spotting the Error Questions.
 Fill in the Blanks Questions.
 Synonyms & Antonyms and Vocabulary Questions.
 Idioms and Phrases Questions.
 Sentence Arrangement or Para Jumbled Questions.
 Ordering of words in a Sentence Questions.
 Sentence Improvement or Sentence Correction Questions.
 Grammar and their usage type Questions

NDA Syllabus For General Knowledge
The NDA Syllabus for General Knowledge is an essential part of Paper 2, which is the General Ability Test (GAT), in the written exam of NDA 2023. The General Knowledge section for NDA will encompass various disciplines such as Physics, Chemistry, General Science, Social Studies, Geography, and Current Events.
The provided NDA syllabus aims to provide an overview of the topics covered in this paper. It is important to note that the list of topics is not exhaustive, and you may also encounter questions related to subjects that are broadly related but not specifically mentioned in the syllabus. Candidates are expected to demonstrate their knowledge and a comprehensive understanding of the NDA GK topics in their answers.
NDA Syllabus for General Knowledge – Paper 2 (Part B) 
Physics 
 Physical characteristics and states of matter, the Archimedes principle, pressure barometers, and mass, weight, volume, density, and specific gravity.
 Newton’s Laws of Motion, Velocity and Acceleration, Objects’ Motion, Force and Momentum, Parallelogram of Forces, Bodies’ Stability and Equilibrium, Gravitation, Basic Concepts of Work, Power and Energy.
 Effects of Heat, Temperature and Heat Measurement, State Change and Latent Heat, and Heat Transfer Modes.
 Simple musical instruments and their qualities, sound waves. Light propagation, reflection, and refraction along a straight line. Human eye, spherical mirrors, and lenses.
 Earth as a magnet, properties of a magnet, and natural and artificial magnets.
 Electrical power measurement, primary and secondary cells, use of Xrays, conductors and nonconductors, Ohm’s Law, simple electrical circuits, heating, lighting, and magnetic effects of current.
 General Principles for the following tools’ function:
 Simple Pendulums, Simple Pulleys, Siphons, Levers, Balloons, Pumps, Hydrometers, Pressure Cookers, Thermos Flasks, Gramophones, Telephones, Periscopes, Telescopes, Microscopes, Mariner’s Compasses, Lighting Conductors, and Safety Fuses.

Chemistry 
 Chemical and physical changes.
 Law of Chemical Combination, Symbols, Formulae, and Simple Chemical Equations, Elements, Mixtures, and Compounds (excluding problems).
 Characteristics of water and air.
 Hydrogen, oxygen, nitrogen, and carbon dioxide preparation and properties, as well as oxidation and reduction.
 Salts, bases, and acids.
 Different types of carbon.
 Natural and artificial fertilizers.
 Materials used in the manufacturing of the substances include soap, glass, ink, paper, cement, paints, safety matches, and gunpowder.
 Basics of atomic structure, atomic equivalents, molecular weights, and valency

General Science 
 Differences between living things and nonliving things.
 Basis of Life: Tissues, Protoplasm, and Cells.
 Plant and animal growth and reproduction.
 Basic knowledge of the human body’s major organs
 The causes and prevention of common epidemics.
 Food: A Human’s source of energy.
 A balanced diet, dietary components.
 The Solar System, comets and meteors, and eclipses.
 Successes of Renowned Scientists.

History/Polity/Economy 
 A comprehensive examination of Indian history with a focus on culture and civilization.
 Indian Freedom Movement
 Basic instruction on the Indian government and constitution.
 Basic understanding of India’s fiveyear plans. Cooperatives, Panchayati Raj, and Community Development.
 Basic Teachings of Mahatma Gandhi, Bhoodan, Sarvodaya, National Integration, and Welfare State.
 Renaissance, exploration, and discovery, as well as the American Revolutionary War, are factors influencing the modern world. the Industrial Revolution, the Russian Revolution, and the French Revolution.
 Social effects of science and technology.
 United Nations, Panchsheel, Democracy, Socialism, and Communism concepts. India’s role in the modern world.

Geography 
 The size and shape of the Earth. Concept of time, latitudes, and longitudes. International Date Line.
 Earth’s movements and their consequences. Genesis of Earth.
 Classification of rocks; mechanical and chemical weathering; earthquakes and volcanoes.
 Climate types, the world’s major natural regions, ocean currents and tides, atmospheric pressure, temperature, planetary winds, cyclones, and anticyclones, humidity, condensation, and precipitation.
 India’s regional geography—Climate, Resources for minerals and energy, Natural Vegetation; the location and distribution of industrial and agricultural activity.
 Important seaports and India’s primary land, sea, and air routes.
 India’s primary imports and exports items.

Current Events 
 Knowledge of significant current events that have occurred in India in recent years.
 Current major Global developments.
 Prominent figures of India and around the world, including those involved in sports and culture.

NDA Important Topics
Candidates should prioritize referring to the NDA syllabus as an essential step before commencing their preparation for the exam. The NDA syllabus serves as a guide, providing candidates with a clear understanding of the topics they need to focus on. Here are some crucial topics that candidates must prepare for in the NDA exam 2023:
Subjects 
Important Topics 
English 
Reading Comprehension, Synonyms, Antonyms,
Spotting errors, Vocabulary, Idioms and Phrases, etc. 
Maths 
Matrices and Determinants, Sets, Venn Diagram,
Trigonometry, 2D and 3D Geometry, Differential Calculus, etc. 
General Knowledge 
of History, Chemistry, Current Affairs, Art and Culture,
Physics, Chemistry, Basic Science, etc. 
NDA Syllabus 2023 (FAQs)
Q1. What are the two main sections for the UPSC NDA Exam 2023?
Ans. The two main sections of the NDA Examination are Mathematics and the GAT examination.
Q2. How many written papers are there in the first stage of the written examination?
Ans. There are two papers in the first stage of the NDA Examination: Mathematics and the GAT examination.
Q3. What are the subjects in the NDA Examination?
Ans. The NDA examination consist of the subjects: Mathematics, History, Geography, General Science, General Knowledge.
Q4. What is NDA Age Limit?
Ans. The minimum age requirement is that candidates should be 15.7 years to 16 years old at the beginning of the course. The maximum age limit is that candidates should be 18.7 years to 19 years old at the start of the course.