CBSE Class 10 Science Syllabus 2023-24, Chapter Wise PDF
CBSE class 10 Science syllabus includes all the chapters and their corresponding topics that students must cover to secure a high score in the board exam. Additionally, it includes all the guidelines, such as question pattern, marking scheme, and high-weightage chapters, which is helpful for boosting exam preparation strategy. Therefore, students must refer to the CBSE class 10 Science syllabus and create an effective study plan for completing and revising all the chapters before taking the annual exam. A better understanding of the CBSE class 10 syllabus can be gained with the help of NCERT solutions.
Click here for the best NCERT solutions in class 10.
To access and download the CBSE class 10 Science syllabus, students must click the following link.
Download the CBSE class 10 Science syllabus PDF for 2023-24.
The board often changes the CBSE class 10 Science syllabus chapters in different academic years. So, it is important for students to carefully go through the CBSE class 10 Science syllabus before starting their exam preparation. This way, they get comprehensive information about all the units, topics, and marks allocated for each unit, which enables them to prepare for the exams more effectively. The syllabus also includes details about practicals, assignments, and projects, which helps students gain a better understanding of the concepts they are studying.
Furthermore, the CBSE class 10 syllabus is designed to help students plan their study schedule in accordance with the board exams. Therefore, they must make a list of all the chapters they need to cover and allot the necessary time to thoroughly understand each concept.
The table below provides all the chapters included in the CBSE class 10 Science syllabus:
|1||Chemical Substance - Nature and Behaviour||
|2||World of Living||
|4||Effects of Current||
|5||Natural Resources||Our Environment|
The topics of the CBSE class 10 Science syllabus are grouped into three sections, namely, Physics, Biology, and Chemistry. Additionally, these topics include concepts that help strengthen the foundation for a smooth transition to higher classes. Therefore, students must learn all the chapters and their subsequent sections to enhance their knowledge and preparedness for the board exam.
Class 10 Science Syllabus Chapter 1 Chemical Reactions and Equations: The first chapter of the CBSE class 10 Science syllabus provides an introduction to various topics in Chemistry. Additionally, it covers the formation of chemical equations and the proper way to answer chemical equation-based questions. Moreover, the chapter focuses on the concept of balancing equations and includes information about the reactants, products, and their physical states in a complete chemical equation.
The following table includes all the topics covered in the class 10 Science chapter, Chemical Reactions and Equations:
|CBSE Class 10 Science Syllabus Chapter 1 Chemical Reactions and Equations|
|1.2||Balanced Chemical Equation|
|1.3||Implication of a Balanced Chemical Equation|
|1.4||Types of Chemical Reactions|
Class 10 Science Syllabus Chapter 2 Acids, Bases, and SaltsThis chapter of the CBSE class 10 Science syllabus explains the fundamental concepts of acids and bases. Additionally, it explores different reactions and methods to differentiate between acids and bases. Furthermore, the chapter emphasises the significance of salts in addition to acids and bases.
The following table includes all the topics covered in Acids, Bases, and Salts:
|CBSE Class 10 Science Syllabus Chapter 2 Acids, Bases, and Salts|
|2.1||Definition in Terms of Furnishing of H+ and OH- ions|
|2.3||Examples and Uses|
|2.4||Concept of pH Scale|
|2.5||Properties and Uses of Sodium Hydroxide|
Class 10 Science Syllabus Chapter 3 Metals and Non-metals In this chapter, students delve into the essential concepts of metals and non-metals. Additionally, they learn about the separation of metals from non-metals and understand the features of conductors and insulators. Furthermore, the chapter explains the physical and chemical properties of elements classified as metals and non-metals.
The following table includes all the sections covered in the class 10 Science chapter, Metals and Non-metals:
|CBSE Class 10 Science Syllabus Chapter 3 Metals and Non-metals|
|3.1||Properties of Metals and Non-metals|
|3.3||Formation and Properties of Ionic Compounds|
|3.4||Basic Metallurgical Processes|
|3.5||Corrosion and its Prevention|
Class 10 Science Syllabus Chapter 4 Carbon and Its Compounds This chapter of the class 10 Science syllabus provides an in-depth explanation of carbon, which is considered one of the most vital elements in Chemistry. Additionally, the chapter includes information for a wide range of compounds that carbon can form due to its tetravalency and the property of catenation. Students must pay attention to understanding this chapter because carbon exhibits versatility and forms the basis of all living organisms, and is used in various everyday items.
The following table provides information for all the topics covered in class 10 chapter Carbon and its Compounds:
|CBSE Class 10 Science Syllabus Chapter 4 Carbon and Its Compounds|
|4.1||Covalent Bonding in Carbon Compounds|
|4.2||Versatile nature of Carbon|
|4.3||Nomenclature of carbon Compounds|
|4.4||Differences Between Saturated and Unsaturated Hydrocarbons|
|4.5||Ethanol and Ethanoic Acid|
Class 10 Science Syllabus Chapter 5 Life Processes In this CBSE class 10 Science syllabus chapter, students learn about the basic form of life on our planet and various processes that occur in our daily lives that are often unknown to us. Additionally, the topics of the chapter identify movement as a characteristic of life and highlight processes such as nutrition, respiration, material transport within the body, and waste excretion as crucial for sustaining life.
The table below shows all the important topics covered in the Life Processes chapter:
|CBSE Class 10 Science Syllabus Chapter 5 Life processes|
|5.2||Basic Concept of Nutrition|
|5.5||Excretion in Plants and Animals|
Class 10 Science Syllabus Chapter 6 Control and Coordination This chapter of the CBSE class 10 Science syllabus focuses on how organisms control their systems. The topics provide a detailed explanation of the human nervous system, which consists of interconnected neurons that facilitate the transmission of messages. Additionally, the chapter explores the functions of hormones in plants and animals, explaining the processes of control and coordination.
The table below shows all the important topics covered in the Control and Coordination Chapter:
|CBSE Class 10 Science Syllabus Chapter 6 Control and Coordination|
|6.1||Tropic Movement in Plants|
|6.2||Introduction to Plants Hormones|
|6.3||Control and Coordination in Animals|
|6.5||Voluntary, Involuntary and Reflex Actions|
Class 10 Science Syllabus Chapter 7 How do Organisms Reproduce This chapter of the CBSE class 10 Science syllabus holds great significance as it explores the central concept of reproduction. Additionally, in higher classes, students learn this chapter in a broader way. Therefore, students must pay attention to understanding the topics covered in this chapter, such as asexual and sexual reproduction, with further classification based on plants and animals.
The table below shows all the sections included in the Reproduction chapter:
|CBSE Class 10 Science Syllabus Chapter 7 Reproduction|
|7.1||Reproduction in Plants and Animals|
|7.3||Safe Sex Vs HIV/AIDS|
|7.4||Child Bearing and Women Health|
Class 10 Science Syllabus Chapter 8 Heredity and Evolution This chapter is closely related to the previous chapter as it delves into heredity and evolution. In addition, it explains various traits and genetic blends following Mendelian principles. Thorough command of the concepts included in this chapter is specifically crucial for students who want to opt for the science and medical stream in higher grades.
The following topics are elaborately covered in the Heredity and Evolution chapter:
|CBSE Class 10 Science Syllabus Chapter 8 Heredity and Evolution|
|8.2||Mendel’s Law of Inheritance|
|8.3||Brief Introduction to Sex Determination|
|8.4||Basic Concept of Evolution|
Class 10 Science Syllabus Chapter 9 Light- Reflection and Refraction This is the first chapter of the physics section, which introduces the principles of light reflection. Here students learn about the rules governing reflection. Additionally, they understand the concepts used in a pinhole camera. Furthermore, the chapter covers the refraction of light through substances like water and prism.
The table below shows all the topics of class 10 Science chapter Light- Reflection and Refraction:
|CBSE Class 10 Science Syllabus Chapter 9 Light- Reflection and Refraction|
|9.1||Reflection of Light at Curved Surfaces|
|9.3||Refraction of Light|
Class 10 Science Syllabus Chapter 10 The Human Eye and the Colourful World This Physics chapter included in the CBSE class 10 Science syllabus provides a comprehensive understanding of the human eye. Additionally, it explains various components of the eye, such as the pupil, retina, and lens. Moreover, this chapter provides information on common eye defects like nearsightedness/farsightedness and the use of lenses to correct these defects.
The topics covered in the Human Eye and the Colourful World chapters include the following:
|CBSE Class 10 Science Syllabus Chapter 10 The Human Eye and the Colourful World|
|10.1||The Human Eye|
|10.2||Defects of Vision and Their Correction|
|10.3||Refraction of Light through Prism|
|10.4||Dispersion of White Light by a Glass Prism|
|10.6||Scattering of Light|
Class 10 Science Syllabus Chapter 11 Electricity This chapter explains the crucial topics of electricity, which holds practical applications and is relevant to board exams. Students are introduced to essential formulas that are applied to solving numerical problems. Additionally, the chapter explains that electrical current consists of electrons that move through a conductor. The chapter further introduces additional terms related to electricity.
The table below provides all the topics covered in the Electricity chapter:
|CBSE Class 10 Science Syllabus Chapter 11 Electricity|
|11.1||Potential difference and Electric Current|
|11.3||Resistance and Resistivity|
|11.4||Series Combination of Resistors|
|11.5||Heating Effect of Electric current|
|11.7||Inter Relation Between P, V, I, R|
Class 10 Science Syllabus Chapter 12 Magnetic Effects of Electric Current This CBSE Class 10 Science syllabus chapter explains the magnetic effects of electric current, which has widespread applications in everyday life. Additionally, it introduces the concept of magnets and their functionality, with reference to compass needles serving as small magnets. Furthermore, students gain knowledge about the north and south poles of a magnet and their role in magnetic effects.
The table below shows all the topics covered in the class 10 Science chapter, Magnetic Effects of Electric Current:
|CBSE Class 10 Science Syllabus Chapter 12 Magnetic Effects of Electric Current|
|12.2||Fleming’s Left Hand Rule|
|12.4||Fleming’s Right Hand Rule|
|12.5||Direct Current and Alternating Current|
|12.6||Domestic Electric Circuit|
Class 10 Science Syllabus Chapter 13 Our Environment The last chapter of the CBSE class 10 Science syllabus delves into the concept of Earth’s ecosystem and its significance in sustaining life. It also explains the formation of food chains as an integral part of life. Students must thoroughly cover this chapter to understand the environmental harm caused by human activities, leading to pollution and global warming.
The table below shows all the topics covered in the class 10 Science chapter Our Environment:
|CBSE Class 10 Science Syllabus Chapter 13 Our Environment|
|13.4||Waste production and Their Solution|
|13.5||Biodegradable and Non-biodegradable Substances|
|CBSE Class 10 Computer Science Syllabus||CBSE Class 10 Hindi A Syllabus|
|CBSE Class 10 Maths Syllabus||CBSE Class 10 Hindi B Syllabus|
|CBSE Class 10 Social Science Syllabus||CBSE Class 10 Information Technology Syllabus|
|CBSE Class 10 English Syllabus|
Q1. How many chapters are covered in the CBSE class 10 Science syllabus?
Ans. The class 10 Science syllabus for the current academic year includes a total of 13 chapters.
Q2. Is it difficult to score well in the class 10 Science exam?
Ans. Class 10 Science includes various chapters that require students to gain conceptual understanding. However, with a disciplined study routine and rigorous preparation, students can pass the exam with excellent scores.
Q3. How many units are included in the CBSE class 10 Science syllabus?
Ans. The CBSE class 10 Science syllabus has 5 units, which contain all the chapters students need to study throughout the academic year.
Q4. How are the marks allocated to Science theory and practical exams?
Ans. The total marks allocated to all the sections of Science subject is 100. Out of this, 80 marks are covered for the theory section, while the practical exam carries 20 marks.
- CBSE Class 10 Science Syllabus 2023-24, Chapter Wise PDF
- CBSE Class 10 Maths Syllabus 2023-24, Chapter Wise PDF Download
- CBSE Class 10 Social Science Syllabus 2023-24, Chapter Wise PDF Download
- CBSE Class 10 English Syllabus 2023-24, Chapter Wise PDF Download
- CBSE Class 10 Hindi A Syllabus 2023-24, Chapter Wise PDF Download
- CBSE Syllabus for Class 10 Hindi B
- CBSE Class 10 Computer Science Syllabus 2023-24, Chapter Wise PDF Download
- CBSE Class 10 Information Technology Syllabus 2023-24, Chapter Wise PDF Download