Management And Natural Resource of Class 10
A biosphere is a specified area in which multiple use of land is permitted by dividing it into certain zones, each zone being specified for a particular activity.
Biosphere Reserve State(s)
Nilgiri Kerala, Karnataka and Tamil Nadu
Namdapha Arunachal Pradesh
Nanda Devi Uttar Pradesh
Uttarakhand Uttar Pradesh
(Valley of flowers)
North Islands of Andamans Andaman and Nicobar Islands
Gulf of Mannar Tamil Nadu
Sunderbans West Bengal
Thar Desert Rajasthan
Kanha Madhya Pradesh
Nokrek (Tura range) Meghalaya
Great Nicobar Andaman and Nicobar Islands
Little Rann of Kutch Gujarat
SIGNIFICANCE OF BIOSPHERE RESERVE
Concept of Biosphere
The concept of Biosphere Reserves is of immense value for conserving the gene—pool resources of flora and fauna in the country and to serve as bench—marks for future studies.The concept of Biosphere Reserve has the following objectives: To conserve for present and future human race use, the diversity and integrity of biotic communities of plants and animals within natural ecosystems and to safeguard the genetic diversity of species on which their continuing evolution depends.
To provide areas for ecological and environmental research.
To provide facilities for education and training. Nongovernmental organisations (NGO) are participating in public awareness.
So wild life conservation involves the management of not only the living organisms but also the abiotic factors of the environment so as to maintain the life-supporting systems of the wild life.
Three specific objectives for the conservation of wild life are:
- To maintain essential ecological processes and life-supporting systems (air, water and soil).
To preserve the diversity of species or the range of genetic material of world’s organisms.
To ensure a continuous (everlasting) use of species, infact ecosystems, which support rural communities and urban industries.