Potassium Chlorate Formula , Structure, Properties, Uses

Potassium Chlorate Formula: Potassium Chlorate has the chemical formula KCLO3 and it is used as a strong oxidizing agent.

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Potassium Chlorate Formula

Potassium Chlorate Formula: Potassium is represented by the chemical symbol K, with an atomic number of 19. Its electron configuration is 1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 4s1. This element, found in the first group of the periodic table and belonging to the fourth period, exhibits a silvery-white appearance. It occurs naturally in mineral deposits and salts. Potassium plays a crucial role in nerve function and muscle contraction. It is most commonly employed for the treatment and prevention of low potassium levels. The credit for its discovery in 1807 goes to Sir Humphry Davy.

Chlorine, symbolized as Cl and possessing an atomic number of 17, has an electron configuration of 1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p5. This element is widely utilized as an antiseptic to combat bacteria and ensure safe drinking water. Chlorine finds application in various industrial processes, including the production of paper, plastics, textiles, and medicines.

Oxygen, denoted by the symbol O, has an atomic number of 8 and an electron configuration of 1s2 2s2 2p4. As a member of the chalcogen group in the periodic table, it exists as an odorless, colorless, and tasteless diatomic gas, comprising 21% of Earth’s atmosphere. Oxygen is indispensable for the process of respiration and has essential applications in refining, melting, and manufacturing steel, as well as in the production of various other metals.

Potassium Chlorate Formula 

Potassium Chlorate, an inorganic compound with the molecular formula KCLO3, consists of one potassium atom, one chlorine atom, and three oxygen atoms. It serves as a robust oxidizing agent and presents as a white crystalline solid. In industrial applications, it ranks as the second most commonly used chlorate. This crystalline salt exhibits a cooling saline taste, particularly employed in veterinary medicine as a mild astringent. It surpasses potassium perchlorate in oxidizing capabilities and is a prevalent choice for oxidizers in pyrotechnics. Typically, potassium chlorate is synthesized from household bleach and salt substitutes.

Potassium Chlorate Formula Structure

The Potassium Chlorate formula is KClO3. Its molecular structure consists of one potassium (K) atom, one chlorine (Cl) atom, and three oxygen (O) atoms. The atoms are arranged in the molecule as follows:

Potassium Chlorate Formula Structure
Potassium Chlorate Formula Structure

In this structural representation, the potassium atom (K) is bonded to the chlorine atom (Cl) and three oxygen atoms (O) through chemical bonds. This arrangement forms the potassium chlorate molecule.

Potassium Chlorate Formula Charge

Compound KClO3 has a neutral charge (0), and potassium (K) carries a charge of +1, the ClO3 group must have a combined charge of -1 to balance out the potassium’s +1 charge, resulting in an overall neutral charge (0) for the compound.

Potassium Chlorate Formula Physical Properties 

Molar mass: 122.55 gm/mol

Density: 2.34 gm/cm3

Melting point: 400°C

Boiling point: 356°C

Potassium Chlorate Formula Chemical Properties

Potassium chlorate is a colorless solid and readily soluble in water.

It dissolves in glycerol but does not dissolve in many organic solvents.

It exhibits compatibility with various polar solvents.

When subjected to heat in the presence of a manganese dioxide catalyst, it undergoes decomposition, yielding potassium chloride and oxygen gas as follows:

2 KCLO3 → 2 KCL + 3 O2

In the presence of sugar and sulfuric acid, potassium chlorate undergoes a vigorous reaction, releasing a significant amount of heat energy, resulting in a purplish flame and substantial smoke production:

C12H22O11 + 8 KCLO3 → 12 CO2 + 11 H2O + 8 KCL + heat

Uses  of Potassium Chlorate

Potassium Chlorate finds extensive use as an oxidizing agent in various industries, including explosives, matches, textile printing, and bleaches.

It plays a role in pharmaceuticals and veterinary medicine.

Both as an antiseptic and an astringent, potassium chlorate serves in medical applications.

It is a popular choice as an oxidizer in pyrotechnics, contributing to vibrant fireworks displays.

Additionally, potassium chlorate is utilized in the production of oxygen gas for various industrial purposes.

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Potassium Chlorate Formula FAQs

What is the chemical formula of Potassium Chlorate?

The chemical formula of Potassium Chlorate is KCLO3.

What is the molecular structure of Potassium Chlorate?

Potassium Chlorate consists of one potassium (K) atom, one chlorine (Cl) atom, and three oxygen (O) atoms bonded together.

What are the physical properties of Potassium Chlorate?

Molar mass: 122.55 gm/mol
Density: 2.34 gm/cm3
Melting point: 400°C
Boiling point: 356°C

Why is potassium chlorate banned?

It's because when mixed with sulfur, potassium chlorate can become highly reactive, making it sensitive to friction and prone to spontaneous ignition.

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