What Are The Different Types Of Doctors?

Doctors are the most influential people in the medical field, as they diagnose and treat patients for various ailments. As there are different types of illnesses and medical issues, so are the types of doctors, each with their speciality. From general practitioners to specialists like cardiologists and oncologists, every type of doctor has a vital role in providing quality healthcare. This article will discuss the different types of doctors and their roles in providing medical care.

What are the different types of doctors

Different Types of Doctors List

Here is the list of different types of doctors are here for you, have a look

Primary Care Physician

A primary care physician handles minor ailments, responds to health queries, performs routine health examinations, such as testing for cholesterol or blood sugar, refers patients to specialists as necessary, and maintains a person's medical records.


Pediatricians deal with infants and children through early adulthood. They may serve as a child's primary care provider and monitor the overall development. Pediatricians treat children's health issues and ensure their mental and physical well-being.


Dermatologists specialise in treating problems with the skin, nails, and hair. They deal with conditions like psoriasis, skin cancer, acne, and eczema. They also perform a few surgeries, such as mole or spot removal. Dermatologists also provide aesthetic treatments like chemical peels, Botox injections, and dermal fillers.


A neurologist is a nervous system expert. Neurologists care for people with degenerative neurological diseases such as multiple sclerosis and those who have had strokes. Those who lose their motor or cognitive ability are referred to a neurologist.


Obstetricians or Gynecologists (OB/GYNs) offer disease management and preventive care for women's health problems. These consist of preventing and detecting cancer in the female reproductive system and women's health. They also deal with breast health, birth and labour during pregnancy, infertility, etc.


Allergists are immunologists who specialise in treating allergies and immune-related illnesses like asthma. Those who need help controlling an autoimmune disease, such as Celiac disease, also see an allergist/immunologist.


Cardiologists are specialists in the heart and blood arteries and the cardiovascular system. They deal with various cardiovascular issues, including blood pressure, elevated cholesterol, cardiac rhythm issues, cardiac arrest, and other cardiovascular issues.

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Psychiatrists are experts in mental health. However, they may specialise in treating substance abuse in addition to treating one or more specific mental illnesses. Although some psychiatric professionals prefer to work with patients of all ages and with a wide range of conditions as they gain experience, psychiatrists may formally specialise in a specific age group.


Nephrologists or kidney specialists treat renal failure and severe chronic diseases. These medical experts often deal with lupus, renal stones, hypertension, dialysis, and kidney transplantation.


Pulmonologists are doctors who specialise in identifying and treating respiratory illnesses in both men and women. A pulmonologist is an expert in internal medicine, lungs, and the cardiopulmonary system, which includes the organs that help a person breathe, such as the heart, lungs, etc.

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An endocrinologist is in charge of patients with thyroid issues and diabetes. They also see patients with osteoporosis as they age. An endocrinologist specialises in treating patients with endocrine system disorders. The pancreas and thyroid glands control numerous vital processes and regulate hormones in the human endocrine system.


Oncologists are medical professionals who investigate, diagnose, and treat cancer using a variety of therapies in addition to standard medical and surgical procedures. Gynecological oncology, pediatric oncology, radiation, surgical oncology, and hematology are some of the subspecialties within oncology. Medical oncologists treat cancer with medical, chemotherapeutic, and immunotherapeutic therapies.


Dentists focus on the health of teeth, gums, and other oral tissues. Dentistry refers to dental procedures performed to prevent oral diseases. After completing a dental programme, candidates may choose to work in research or for the Indian Army, Navy, or Air Force. MDS programme graduates can open their speciality clinics.

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ENT Specialist

An ENT Specialist is a doctor who specialises in diagnosing and treating disorders and problems affecting the head, neck, ear, nose, and throat. They have been trained to diagnose and treat conditions affecting the neck, larynx, upper pharynx, and oral cavity. They treat chronic sinusitis, tonsillectomies, infected mastoids, nosebleeds, and adenoidectomies, to name a few conditions.


Physiotherapists/Physical therapists improve, preserve, and restore patients' full range of motion and functional capacity. They work with patients and their health experts to plan the most appropriate treatment for each condition, including setting goals and treatment outcomes. E.g., while dealing with a heart stroke patient, the physiotherapist will plan a rehabilitation program by looking at the patient's cardiac report prepared by their cardiologist.


A rheumatologist is a doctor who specialises in diagnosing and treating patients suffering from conditions such as arthritis, which affects their muscles, joints, and bones, as well as lupus, fibromyalgia, osteoporosis, and fibromyalgia, which are primarily caused by immune system disorders in people. Additionally, these medical experts perform x-rays and chemical pathology to pinpoint the exact cause and severity of the problem and treat patients through medications, infusions, and diet and exercise regimen management.


Ophthalmologists are professionally trained eye specialists who specialise in both surgery and diagnosis. In other words, an ophthalmologist is an eye specialist who examines, diagnoses, and treats eye diseases and injuries and performs any necessary surgery.


Surgeons are doctors who specialise in diagnosing and treating conditions that may necessitate surgery or other physical changes to the human body. Additionally, surgeons are responsible for explaining the surgical outcome to the patient and the medical staff, overseeing the surgical team, and creating plans for the preoperative surgical procedure and recovery period.

How to Become a Doctor in India?

After completing class 10, students can begin training for the MBBS or other courses that will assist them in becoming doctors in India by selecting either Physics, Chemistry, or Biology (with or without math). Following the 12th grade, a few critical steps can be taken to learn how to become a doctor. These are the steps to take:

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Pass the Entrance Examinations

The results of NEET, India's most popular entrance exam, are accepted by most medical institutions. However, medical entrance exams conducted by JIPMER, AIIMS, Kasturba Medical College, Maulana Azad Medical College, and other universities are also popular among students. Students can choose the exam as per their interests and preference.

Peruse MBBS Degree

Although many students apply right after graduation, students can wait until they are 25 to apply. For the best results, begin medical school two years after passing your high school board exams. The minimum enrolment age for the MBBS programme is 17 years old. A minimum of 5 years and 6 months after graduating from a recognised medical college is required to become a doctor. After receiving their MBBS, candidates are eligible to practice medicine. Candidates with an MBBS degree have the option of pursuing a speciality.

Candidates for an MBBS degree are frequently required to complete a one-year internship to work with patients while supervised by renowned medical professionals.

Complete your Registration and start Practicing

Candidates seeking to practice medicine in India must first register with one of the country's state medical boards. To be eligible, they must have an MBBS degree and have completed an internship at a facility approved by the Medical Council of India. After becoming registered with the Indian Medical Register, candidates can begin their careers and practice medicine in India.

Continue upskilling yourself

Individuals who want to further their knowledge of the medical field may pursue a second master's degree or even a PhD. Many medical professionals choose to practice after earning their MBBS and a master's degree in medical science.

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Different types of doctors have different sets of skills, and specialisation focuses on a wide range of bodily system conditions or ailments. Some of the most famous specialists include general practitioners, dentists, gynecologists, cardiologists, orthopedic physicians, and other medical professionals. Continue reading: Paramedical training.

Prospective candidates must enroll in undergraduate or postgraduate medical programmes after passing their 10+2 board exams, preferably in the science stream with Physics, Chemistry, Biology, and Mathematics as required subjects. Students interested in becoming doctors or other medical professionals should pursue the MBBS, which is considered one of the most important degrees.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

Q1. What score do I need to get in the AIIMS entrance exam to enroll in the MBBS programme at AIIMS Delhi?

Ans.According to cutoff trends, you must score at least 150 on the AIIMS entrance exam to be admitted to AIIMS Delhi. However, the required cutoff cannot be predicted in advance. It varies yearly depending on various factors, such as the number of applicants, the difficulty of the test questions, etc.

Q2. What should I do to become a doctor?

Ans.First, you should pass your 10+2 board exams, preferably in the science stream, with Physics, Chemistry, Biology, and Mathematics as required subjects. Then prepare for national medical entrance exams such as NEET, AIIMS, and JIMPER. After qualifying for one or the other medical exam, you may pursue the MBBS, considered one of the most important degrees.

Q3. Is there any medical field I can opt for without NEET or MBBS?

Ans.Those without clearing NEET or having an MBBS degree can become doctors or physicians by enrolling in other medical courses such as B Pharmacy, BSc Nursing, BPT, etc.

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