NCERT Solutions for class 7 History Chapter-8

Jul 04, 2022, 16:45 IST

About NCERT Solutions for class 7 History Chapter 8-Devotional Paths To The Divine

This page consist of  NCERT Solutions for class 7 History Chapter 8-Devotional Paths To The Divine all questions asked in Exercise are solved with adequate details. Do solve NCERT maths and science with the help of NCERT Solutions for class 7 Maths and NCERT solutions for class 7 Science prepared by Physics Wallah.

Chapter 8

Devotional paths to the divine


You are attending a meeting where a saint is discussing the caste system. Relate the conversation.

Let’s Recall

Question 1:

Match the following:

The Buddha            namghar

Shankara deva        worship of Vishnu

Nizamuddin Auliya    questioned social differences

Nayanars               Sufi saint

Alvars                   worship of Shiva


The Buddha            questioned social differences

Shankaradeva          namghar

Nizamuddin Auliya    Sufi saint

Nayanars               worship of Shiva

Alvars                   worship of Vishnu

Question 2:

(a) Shankara was an advocate of __________.

(b) Ramanuja was influenced by the ________.

(c) __________, ___________ and ____________ were advocates of Virashaivism.

(d) ____________ was an important centre of the Bhakti tradition in Maharashtra.


(a) Shankara was an advocate of a dvaita.

(b) Ramanuja was influenced by the Alvars.

(c) Basavanna, Allama Prabhuand Akka mahadevi were advocates of Virashaivism.

(d) Vitthala temple was an important centre of the Bhakti tradition in Maharashtra.

Question 3:

Describe the beliefs and practices of the Nathpanthis, Siddhas and Yogis.


The Nathpanthis, Siddhas and Yogis believed in the renunciation of the world. For them, the path of salvation lay in meditating on the formless ultimate reality. They stressed on intense training of the mind and body through yogasanas, breathing exercises and meditation.

Question 4:

What were the major ideas expressed by Kabir? How did he express these?


The major ideas expressed by Kabir were a rejection of the major religious traditions and belief in a formless Supreme God. For Kabir, the path of salvation was through bhakti or devotion. He expressed his ideas through verses called sakhis and pads.

Question 5:

What were the major beliefs and practices of the Sufis?


The Sufis believed in union with God as a lover seeking his beloved. They also believed that the heart could be trained to look at the world in a different way. They rejected the elaborate rituals and codes of behavior demanded by Muslim religious scholars. The Sufis developed various methods of raining using Zikr (chanting of a name or sacred formula), contemplation, singing and dancing.

Question 6:

Why do you think many teachers rejected prevalent religious beliefs and practices?


Many teachers rejected prevalent religious beliefs and practices because such beliefs advocated social differences and practicing them was difficult and cumbersome.

Question 7:

What were the major teachings of Baba Guru Nanak?


Baba Guru Nanak emphasized on the worship of one God. According to him, caste, creed or gender was irrelevant for attaining liberation. Liberation for him was the pursuit of an active life with social commitment. He gave the motto of nam, dan and isnan, which meant right worship, welfare of others and purity of conduct.

Question 8:

For either the Virashaivas or the sants of Maharashtra, discuss their attitude towards caste.


Both Virashaivas and the saints of Maharashtra rejected social inequality and caste differences.

Question 9:

Why do you think ordinary people preserved the memory of Mirabai?


Ordinary people have preserved the memory of Mirabai because her songs openly challenge the norms of the upper castes.

Let’s do

10. Find out whether in your neighborhood there are any dargahs, gurudwaras or temples associated with saints of the bhakti tradition in your neighborhood. Visit any one of these and describe what you see and hear.

11. For any of the saint-poets whose compositions have been included in this chapter, find out more about their works, noting down other poems. Find out whether these are sung, how they are sung, and what the poets wrote about.

12. There are several saint-poets whose names have been mentioned but their works have not been included in the chapter. Find out more about the language in which they composed, whether their compositions were sung, and what their compositions were about.

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