chapter 5-Popular Struggle and Movements

NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Social Science Political Science

NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Social Science Popular Struggle and Movements

1. In what ways do pressure groups and movements exert influence on politics?

Solution :

Pressure groups and movements exert influence on politics in a variety of ways.

• They try to gain public support and sympathy for their cause by carrying out information campaigns, organising meetings, filing petitions, etc. Most of these groups try to influence the media into giving more attention to these groups.

• They generally call for a strike, a protest march to raise their voice and try to disrupt the government programmes. Most of the federation, union take such steps for influencing governmental policies.

• They also influence decision-making by lobbying.

• The issues raised by them often influence the policies of political parties.

2. Describe the forms of relationship between pressure groups and political parties?

Solution :

The relationship between political parties and pressure groups can take different forms.

• Pressure groups are often formed and led by politicians and political parties or act as extended arms of political parties. Most trade unions and student’s organisations in India are either established by or affiliated to one or the other major political party.

• Political parties sometimes grow out of movements. Parties like DMK and AIADMK in Tamil Nadu can be traced to a long drawn social reform movement.

• Many times, the issues raised by pressure groups are taken up by political parties, leading to a change in the policies of the parties.

• On some occasion, the views and ideas of political parties and interests groups are opposite to each other. In such a situation, they may stand against each other on a particular issue.

3. Explain how the activities of pressure groups are useful in the functioning of a democratic government.

Solution :

Pressure groups and movements are necessary for democracy. If everyone in the country gets equal opportunity, is considered healthy for the society. Generally, the government falls under pressure of these rich and influential people. Putting pressure on the rulers is not an unhealthy activity in a democracy as long as everyone gets this opportunity. Pressure groups perform a useful role of countering this undue influence of reminding the government of the needs and concerns of ordinary citizens. From this, the government can come to know about the needs of the people and can accommodate all of them with conflicting interests.

4. What is a pressure group? Give a few examples.

Solution :

A pressure group is an organisation which attempts to influence government policies through protests and demonstrations. Pressure groups are formed when people with similar opinions get together for similar objectives. They do not aim to directly control or share political power. Pressure groups do not look for the power of political office for themselves but do seek to influence the decisions made by those who do hold this political power. Examples of pressure groups are FEDECOR and BAMCEF.

5. What is the difference between a pressure group and a political party?

Solution :

• A pressure group is an organised or an unorganised body that tries to promote its interests.They achieve their aims by exerting pressure on the government. Generally, the member of these groups are those people who have some common interests. They do not aim to directly control or share political power.

• Political parties, on the other hand, is an organised body which tries to attain political power of the country by contesting the election. They have more than one interests, they have their own ideology. They represent various interests and have their own way of achieving their aims.

6. Organisations that undertake activities to promote the interests of specific social sections such as workers, employees, teachers, and lawyers are called ________ groups.

Solution :

Sectional interest
Explanation: If one group brings pressure on government to make in its favour, another will bring counter pressure not to make policies in the way the first group desires. Their principal concern is well being and betterment of their members, not society in general.

7. Which among the following is the special feature that distinguishes a pressure group from a political party?

(a) Parties take political stances, while pressure groups do not bother about political issues.
(b) Pressure groups are confined to a few people, while parties involve a larger number of people.
(c) Pressure groups do not seek to get into power, while political parties do.
(d) Pressure groups do not seek to mobilize people, while parties do.

Solution :

(c) Pressure groups do not seek to get into power, while political parties do.

8. Match List I (organisations and struggles) with List II and select the correct answer using the codes given below the lists:

List I   List II  
1 Organisations that seek to promote the interests of a particular section or group Α. Movement
2 Organisations that seek to promote common interest Β. Political parties
3 Struggles launched for the resolution of a social problem with or without an organisational structure C. Sectional interest groups
4 Organisations that mobilize people with a view to win political power D. Public interest groups


  1 2 3 4
(a) C D B A
(b) C D A B
(c) D C B A
(d) B C D A

Solution :

  1 2 3 4
(b) C D A B

9. Match List I with List II and select the correct answer using the codes given below the lists:

List I   List II  
1 Pressure group Α. Narmada Bachao Andolan
2 Long-term movement Β. Asom Gana Parishad
3 Single issue movement C. Women’s Movement
4 Political party D. Fertilizer dealers’ association
  1 2 3 4
(a) D C A B
(b) B A D C
(c) C D B A
(d) B D C A

Solution :

  1 2 3 4
(a) D C A B

10. Consider the following statements about pressure groups and parties.

A.Pressure groups are the organised expression of the interests and views of specific social sections.
B. Pressure groups take positions on political issues.
C. All pressure groups are political parties.
Which of the statements given above are correct?
(a)A, B, and C
(b) A and B
(c) B and C
(d) A and C

Solution :

(b) A and B
A pressure group can be described as an organised group that does not put up candidates for election, but seeks to influence government policy or legislation. They can also be described as ‘interest groups’, ‘lobby groups’ or ‘protest groups’

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