NCERT Solutions for class 10 Science

NCERT Solutions for class 10 science is prepared and compiled by experts of Physics Wallah. All questions mentioned in NCERT exercise are solved with relevant details. Physics Wallah NCERT Solutions are widely use by toppers and school teachers. Class 10th science is the foundation stone for student’s success in their future academic years.

In prior, studying science might be slightly difficult. The constant efforts laid down by our team have brought fruitful results in the form of NCERT solutions for class 10 Science. The study material prepared by our team at Physics Wallah will help students succeed on every front of examinations.

Looking forward to scoring maximum marks in your boards? You have landed in a very appropriate place. The team at Physics Wallah has taken proper care of each and everything and planned NCERT solutions for class 10 Science it effectively.

NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Science Chapters (Updated 2022-23)

NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Science Free PDF Download

NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Science

Chapter 1 Chemical reactions and equations

NCERT Science Class 10 Chapter- 1 will teach students about chemical reactions, how to write equations, how to perform combination and decomposition reactions, and more. In previous lessons, we learned about physical and chemical changes in matter. Whenever a chemical change take place, we can say that a chemical reaction occurs. The complete chemical reaction represents the reactants, products, and physical states. Students will also disucss how to write a chemical reaction, a symbolic representation of a chemical reaction. The chapter also explains how different chemical equations can be balanced in different states.

Another subtopic teaches various chemical reactions, such as combination reactions, decomposition reactions, displacement reactions, and double displacement reactions, along with different examples and chemical reactions. Based on energy, exothermic reactions and endothermic reactions are explained. A exothermic reactions are reactions in which heat is released along with products, and endothermic reactions are reactions in which energy is absorbed. Next, a redox reaction is explained, combining a reduction reaction and an oxidation reaction. The chapter explains all reactions with suitable examples with relevant chemical equations.

Topics Covered in this chapter are- Chemical reactions: Chemical equation, types of chemical reactions, Balanced chemical equation, implications of a balanced chemical equation: combination, displacement, decomposition, double displacement, precipitation, endothermic exothermic reactions, oxidation, and reduction.

Also Check- Important Questions For Class 12 Physics Chapter 1 Chemical reactions and equations

Chapter 2 Acids, bases and salt

In everyday life, we come across different things of different tastes. For example lemon tastes sour and bittergourd tastes bitter. The sour and bitter tastes of food are due to acids and bases present in them. Excess of an acid in the stomach can cause acidity which can be neutralized by giving a base. This is because, whenever an acid reacts with a base, a salt is formed, which is neutral in nature. More interesting facts, properties and uses of acids, bases and salts will be discussed in this chapter.

Topics Covered in this chapter are- Acids, bases, and salts: Their definitions in terms of furnishing of H+ and OH– ions, General properties, examples and uses, neutralization, the importance of pH in everyday life, concept of pH scale (Definition relating to logarithm not required); preparation and uses of Sodium Hydroxide, Bleaching powder, Baking soda, Washing soda and Plaster of Paris.

Also Check- Important Questions For Class 12 Physics Chapter 2 Acids, bases and salt

Chapter 3 Metals and Non-metals

At present, more than 114 chemical elements are known. Many of them are found to occur in nature whereas some of them have been made by artificial methods and are called synthetic elements. Each element has a set of characteristic properties.

To make the study of these elements easier, they are grouped on the basis of their common properties into two classes––metals and non-metals. Different metals and non-metals have different physical and chemical properties. Therefore, they are used also in a different manner. We will read about this in detail in the following chapter.

Topics Covered in this chapter are- Metals and Nonmetals: Properties of metals and non-metals;Formation and properties of ionic compounds; Reactivity series; Basic metallurgical processes; Corrosion and its prevention.

Also Check- Important Questions For Class 12 Physics Chapter 3 Metals and non-metals

Chapter 4 Carbon and Its Compounds

Carbon is an element which is of immense significance to us in both its elemental form and in the combined form. Food, clothes, medicines, books or many of the things are all based on this versatile element carbon. All living structures are carbon based. The earth’s crust has only 0.02%.

Carbon in the form of minerals (like carbonates, hydrogen-carbonates, coal and petroleum) and atmosphere has 0.03% of carbon dioxide. In spite of this small amount of carbon available in nature, the importance of carbon seems to be immense.In this chapter, we will be studying the properties of carbon which lead to this anomaly.

Topics Covered in this chapter are- Carbon compounds: The versatile nature of carbon, Covalent bonding in carbon compounds, and homologous series. Nomenclature of carbon compounds containing functional groups (alcohol, halogens, ketones, aldehydes, alkanes, and alkynes), the difference between unsaturated hydrocarbons and saturated hydrocarbons. Chemical properties of carbon compounds (combustion, addition, oxidation, and substitution reaction). Ethanol and Ethanoic acid (only properties and uses), soaps, and detergents.

Also Check- Important Questions For Class 12 Physics Chapter 4 Carbon and its Compounds

Chapter 5 Periodic Classification of Elements

In Standard 9, we learned that matter around us is present in the form of elements, compounds, and mixtures, and elements contain only one type of atom. Early attempts to classify the elements resulted in grouping the then-known elements as metals and nonmetals. Dobereiner grouped the elements into triads, and the Newlands gave the "Law of Octaves." The mandelvee arranged the elements in increasing order of their atomic weights according to their chemical properties. He also predicted the existence of some yet-to-be-discovered elements based on gaps in his periodic table. The modern periodic table was created. The Mendeleev's periodic law was modified, and the atomic number was adopted as the basis of the modern periodic table. The modern periodic law states: 'The properties of elements are a periodic function of their atomic number.'

In this chapter, Periodic Classification of the Elements, the elements in the modern periodic table are arranged in 18 vertical columns known as groups and 7 horizontal rows called dots. Elements arranged in this way exhibit a periodicity of properties, including atomic size, valence or combining capacity, and metallic and non-metallic character. The valence of an element is represented by the number of valence electrons present in the outermost shell of its atom. The atomic size indicates the radius of an atom.

Also Check- Important Questions For Class 12 Physics Chapter 5 Periodic Classification of Elements

Chapter 6 Life Processes

NCERT Class 10 Science Chapter-6 discuss about Life Processes. There are six life processes that all living organisms perform. They are movement, respiration, growth, reproduction, excretion, and nutrition. The chapter also teaches about nutrition, which means the process of taking in food and using it for growth, metabolism, and repair. The nutritional phases are reception, digestion, absorption, transport, assimilation, and excretion.

Nutrition is further divided into autotrophic nutrition and heterotrophic nutrition. Autotrophic nutrition involves taking in simple inorganic materials from the environment and using an external energy source, such as the Sun, high-energy organic material, to synthesize complex. An heterotrophic nutrition involves the intake of complex material prepared by other organisms. Types of heterotrophic nutrition are parasitic, saprophytic, and holozoic. Another topic is human nutrition. The different nutrition steps are ingestion, digestion, esophagus, stomach, small intestine, bile, absorption, assimilation, and egestion.

Another subtopic is breathing, in which the human respiratory system is beautifully explained. The various elements of the human respiratory system are the lungs, bronchi, larynx, pharynx, etc. During the process of respiration, organic compounds such as glucose are broken down to provide energy in the form of ATP. The ATP is used to distribute energy for other reactions in the cell.

Respiration can be aerobic or anaerobic. Aerobic respiration makes more energy that is available to the body. The soil is the closest and richest source of raw materials such as nitrogen, phosphorus, and other minerals for plants. In humans, transporting materials such as oxygen, carbon dioxide, food, and excretory products is a function of the circulatory system. The circulatory system includes heart, blood, and vessels.

In highly differentiated plants, the transport of water, minerals, food, and other materials is a function of vascular tissue, which consists of the xylem and phloem. In humans, excretion products in the form of soluble nitrogen compounds are removed by kidney nephrons. Plants use different techniques to get rid of waste material. Topics Covered in this chapter are- Life processes: ‘Living Being’. Basic concept of nutrition, respiration, transport and excretion in plants and animals.

Also Check- Important Questions For Class 12 Physics Chapter 6 Life Processes

Chapter 7 Control and Coordination

NCERT Solution of Class 10 Chapter 7 teaches about control and coordination, which are the hormones and nervous system functions in our body. Nervous system responses can be classified as reflex action, involuntary action, or voluntary action. A nervous system uses electrical impulses to transmit messages. It receives the information from the sense organs and acts through our muscles. The chemical coordination is seen in both plants and animals. A hormone produced in one part of the body moves to another to achieve the desired effect. A feedback mechanism regulates the action of hormones.

Topics Covered in this chapter are- Control and co-ordination in animals and plants: Tropic movements in plants; Introduction of plant hormones; Control and co-ordination in animals: Nervous system; Voluntary, involuntary and reflex action; Chemical co-ordination: animal hormones.

Also Check- Important Questions For Class 12 Physics Chapter 7 Control and Coordination

Chapter 8 How do Organisms Reproduce?

Reproduction is an important process which distinguishes living organism from non-living. Reproduction is not necessary to maintain the life of an individual unlike the essential life processes like nutrition, respiration, excretion, etc. Moreover a lot of energy is spent to produce more individuals.

But then, why do organisms reproduce? The different individuals of a species share many common characters. Also, we see the offsprings of one parent have certain differences. How do organisms reproduce? Let us discover our inquisitiveness in this chapter. Topics Covered in this chapter are- Reproduction in animals and plants (asexual and sexual) reproductive health – need and methods of family planning. Safe sex vs HIV/AIDS. Child bearing and women’s health.

Also Check- Important Questions For Class 12 Physics Chapter 8 How do Organism Reproduce?

Chapter 9 Heredity and Evolution

Every organism reproduces either asexually or sexually to produce offsprings, which are similar to the parents. However, offsprings show some variations from their parents and also among themselves, so that each one has its own individual identity. Have you seen any two human beings exactly alike except the identical twins? Besides this, origin of life on earth is an established fact. By the process of gradual and continuous change, living organisms have evolved to exhibit such a wide diversity. In the following chapter, we will learn about heredity and sex-determination and also about evidences and theories of evolution.

Topics Covered in this chapter are- Heredity; Mendel’s contribution- Laws for inheritance of traits: Sex determination: brief introduction: (topics excluded – evolution; evolution and classification and evolution should not be equated with progress).

Also Check- Important Questions For Class 12 Physics Chapter 9 Heredity and Evolution

Chapter 10 Light Reflection and Refraction

Remember the first things we do in our day to day life.

  • Getting up from the bed.
  • Switching on the light button.
  • Brushing our teeth or combing our hair etc.while standing in front of the mirror.
  • Wearing our spectacles.
  • These all things show certain scientific facts of life, e.g. importance of light, the phenomena of reflection and refraction etc.
  • Let us study these facts in a planned manner in this chapter.

You will learn Convergence and divergence of light. Images formed by a concave mirror; related concepts; centre of curvature; principal axis. Optic centre, focus, focal length. Refraction; laws of refraction, Images formed by a convex lens; Applications of mirrors and lenses; Applications of concepts of refraction; velocity of light, refractive index.

Topics Covered in this chapter are- Reflection of light by curved surfaces; centre of curvature, Images formed by spherical mirrors, principal focus, principal axis,mirror formula (Derivation not required), magnification, focal length. Refraction; Refractive index, Laws of refraction. Image formed by spherical lenses; Refraction of light by spherical lens; Lens formula(Derivation not required); Magnification. Power of a lens.

Also Check- Important Questions For Class 12 Physics Chapter 10 Light Reflection and Refraction

Chapter 11 The Human Eye and Colorful World

We have already read about refraction of light by lenses. Human eye also has a convex lens. What is the function of this lens in the human eye? Lenses are also used in the spectacles to correct vision. How? Sometimes, we can see a rainbow in the sky after a rain shower.

Have you ever thought of, how is it formed? We will find out answers of above questions in this chapter along with the study of some interesting optical phenomena. This chapter will cover Functioning of a lens in human eye; Problems of Vision and Remedies. Appreciation of Concept of Refraction; Twinkling of Stars; Dispersion of Light; Scattering of light.

Topics Covered in this chapter are- Defects of vision and their corrections, the functioning of a lens in the human eye, and applications of spherical mirrors and lenses. Refraction of light through a prism, applications in daily life (excluding colour of the sun at sunrise and sunset), dispersion of light, scattering of light.

Also Check- Important Questions For Class 12 Physics Chapter 11 The Human eye and Colorful World

Chapter 12 Electricity

We all have gone through the trauma of electricity failures. Electricity has become an integral part of our lives just like food and water. It has revolutionized our life-style, homes and industries. The list of devices that are based on it are unending. The use of electricity is growing so fast that its demand is doubling every 7-10 years. Let us try to understand the basic concepts of this revolutionary and wonderful gift of science.

This chapter deals with Discovery, Electric charge and properties, conductors and insulators, electric current, electric potential and electric potential difference, electric circuit and components, ohm’s law, experimental verification, resistance, factors affecting resistance, resistivity. Combination of resistors, heating effect, electric energy and electric power.

Topics Covered in this chapter are- Electric current, potential difference, and electric current. Ohm’s law; Resistance, Resistivity, Factors on which the resistance of a conductor depends. Series combination of resistors, parallel combination of resistors, and its applications in daily life. The heating effect of an electric current and its applications in everyday life. Electric power, Interrelation between P, V, I, and R.

Also Check- Important Questions For Class 12 Physics Chapter 12 Electricity

Chapter 13 Magnetic Effects of Electric Current

For many years, scientists thought that electricity & magnetism as separate subjects which were to be studied separately. The first evidence of any connection between electricity & magnetism was established by Danish physicist, H.C. Oersted.

The observation that electric current can set up a magnetic field, has led to some of the most fruitful achievements in the areas of industrial & technical developments. In the chapter electricity, we have already read the heating & chemical effects of electric current. In this chapter, we will learn the magnetic effects of current.

Magnetic field, field lines, field due to a current carrying wire, field due to current carrying coil or solenoid; Force on current carrying conductor, Fleming’s left hand rule. Electro magnetic induction. Induced potential difference, Induced current. Direct current. Alternating current; Frequency of AC. Advantage of AC over DC. Domestic electric circuits.

Topics Covered in this chapter are- Magnetic field, ffield due to current carrying coil or solenoid, ield due to a current carrying conductor, Force on current carrying conductor, Fleming’s Left Hand Rule, and Direct current. Alternating current: frequency of AC. Advantage of AC over DC. Domestic electric circuits.

Also Check- Important Questions For Class 12 Physics Chapter 13 Magnetic Effects of Electric Current

Chapter 14 Sources of Energy

All of us know that energy can neither be created nor destroyed. The total energy is always conserved during a physical or a chemical process. So, we should be able to perform endless activities without thinking about energy resources. Energy lights our cities, moves our vehicles and runs the wheels of industries.

It also warms and cools our homes and places of work, cooks our food, plays our music and entertains us through television. But, have we ever thought that the energy in the useable form is dissipated to the surroundings in less useable forms and cannot be used again.The study of this chapter will help to deal with facts, like.

This chapter consist of Sources of energy: Different forms of energy, leading to different sources for human use: fossil fuels, solar energy; biogas, wind, water and tidal energy; nuclear energy. Renewable versus non-renewable sources.

Also Check- Important Questions For Class 12 Physics Chapter 14 Sources of Energy

Chapter 15 Our Environment

The natural world where we live is called as our environment. The environment includes both living components (like plants, animals, bacteria etc.) and non-living components (like temperature, soil, light etc.). Humans are the only organisms who try to change the natural environment to fulfill their needs.

The various human activities are damaging the balanced and healthy environment. In the following chapter, we will read how human activities have given rise to various environmental problems as well as we will read about solutions to such problems. Environmental problems, their solutions, biodegradable and non-biodegradable materials, ozone depletion.

Also Check- Important Questions For Class 12 Physics Chapter 15 Our Environment

Chapter 16 Sustainable Management of Natural Resources

Ever since man appeared on the earth’s surface, he has been gifted with nature for existence. He needed land to live, plants and animals to get food and nutrition, water to drink and wash, sunshine to get heat and energy, forest and wild life to get so many other things for his sustenance.

But when human being uses these resources, he should think of its management for sustainable development. This chapter will help to develop awareness about the management of natural resources and also the various laws and regulations enforced to protect the natural resources. Management of natural resources, conservation and judicious use of natural resources.

Forest and wild life, coal and petroleum conservation. Peoples’ participation-chipko movement. Legal perspectives in conservation and international scenario. The regional environment: Big dams, advantages and limitations; alternatives if any. Water harvesting. Sustainability of natural resources.

  1. What are the different sources of energy?
  2. How do we harness this energy to suit our requirements?
  3. Will our energy needs be met the same way as it has been happening till now or would the scenario change?

Also Check- Important Questions For Class 12 Physics Chapter 16 Sustainable Management of Natural Resources

CBSE Marking Scheme 2022-23

Unit No. Unit Marks
I Chemical Substances – Nature and Behaviour: Chapter 1, 2, 3 and 4 25
II World of Living: Chapter 6, 7, 8 and 9 25
III Natural Phenomena: Chapter 10 and 11 12
IV Effects of Current: Chapter 12 and 13 13
V Natural Resources: Chapter 15 05
  Total Theory 80
  Internal Assessment 20
  Grand Total 100

Why NCERT Solutions for class 10 Science are important?

The vastness of syllabus of class 10th science might leave students baffled many a time. To negate this problem effectively, the team has launched NCERT solutions for class 10 Science. Since the science of class 10th comprises of equal marks distribution to Physics, Chemistry & Biology.

We have gone under tremendous research in order to bring NCERT solutions for class 10 Science for students. The complete study material has been bifurcated into various segments. The very sole objective of the team is boosted up the morale of students.

Since students already need to study a great amount of study material our team has made efforts to minimize it. The study material prepared by our team helps the students to build up their confidence. The NCERT solutions for class 10 Science has been prepared under guidelines of NCERT. Students can positively study from this study material since it has been prepared with the latest syllabus.

How to Study NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Science effectively?

To ease the learning process, the study material has been bifurcated into various chapters segments. Time is an important factor for students in class 10th. Students generally waste their precious time on the unnecessary thing and learning what is not required in the examination.

Our team has removed what is not required with respect to the examination. This NCERT solutions for class 10 Science can be easily referred for any national level competitive examination. Many bright students miss golden opportunities because they lack the golden opportunity of having optimum study material like this.

The NCERT solutions for class 10 Science has always been a topmost preference among the toppers. Many of times students get stuck with typical topics and waste considerable time. To remove this hindrance NCERT solutions for class 10 Science can be greatly helpful.

Why Physics Wallah is best for NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Science?

All the chapters have detailed solution to typical topics. Excellent marks in the examination can help students to secure topmost ranks in competitive examinations. Students looking forward to moving their career in academic can attain maximum benefit from NCERT solutions for class 10 Science. The complete study material has been prepared in every concise and short form.

The team at Physics Wallah has provided complete study material free of cost. Students can download NCERT solutions for class 10 Science with a single click. All they need to do is to sign up with us. At Physics Wallah we bring on the facility of studying through most enriched and expert-created study material.

Tips to score Good marks in Class 10 Science

Science is one of the important subjects for class 10 students and scoring too. It required good strategies and hard work to score good marks in class 10 science. Follow the following tips to score good marks in class 10 Science.

  1. Start your preparation with NCERT text book .
  2. Do solve all questions given in exercise of NCERT text book with proper use of NCERT solutions for class 10 science. NCERT solutions for class 10 science must be use for reference only.
  3. Never miss your class 10 science lecture.
  4. Topics like Acids, Bases and Salts, Metals and Non-metals, Life Processes, Electricity required more focus and time.
  5. Always start from first topic of NCERT.
  6. Make sure you have prepared proper notes of chapters. While preparing notes of class 10 science note down all important formula and bullet points mentioned in NCERT text book .
  7. If you are preparing for NTSE or Olympiad exam do read Physics Wallah notes mentioned in class 10 science section.
  8. Must solve all MCQ based questions given in Physics Wallah. It will help you in new pattern of CBSE class 10 board.

Frequently Asked Question (FAQs)

Q1. How to score Good marks in class 10 Science ?

Ans. To score Good Marks in class 10 science you must follow NCERT text book thoroughly read the theory from the text book. Start preparing your notes from NCERT class 10 science text book. Try to solve all questions given in the Exercise by yourself and use NCERT solutions for class 10 science only for reference.

Build your understanding from previous year class 10 Questions papers and do practice from Class 10 science sample papers. Always remember doing practice from question is best way out to score full marks in class 10 science.

Q2. What are the Important chapters of class 10 science for CBSE Board Exam ?

Ans. As far as Important questions for Class 10 science is concern there is no chapter because questions are asked from all chapters. So prepare a strategies to find out the important chapter of class 10 science of which 5 marks questions are asked. Such chapters are electricity, carbon and its compounds and Control and Coordination.

Q3. How to use NCERT Solutions for class 10 Science effectively ?

Ans. NCERT solutions for class 10 science must be use with few rules like

  1. Do not copy any solution for your homework.
  2. Try to find out the answer from the text book itself do not go for solution immediately.
  3. Use NCERT solutions for class 10 science only for the reference purposes not for solving the home work.

Q4. How many chapters are in NCERT class 10 science and in CBSE class 10 science syllabus?

Ans. NCERT class 10 science consist of five units and total 16 chapters. Such as Unit I is Chemical Substances –Nature & Behavior which consist of 5 chapters, Unit II is World of Living and it consist of 4 chapters, Unit III is named Natural Phenomenon which includes 2 chapters, Unit IV is called chemical Effects of Current that consists of 2 chapters and Unit V is Natural Resources which have 3 chapters.

Talk to Our counsellor