Reproductive Health Problems And Stratgies

Reproductive Health of Class 12

Problems

  • Early Marriage: Children were often married off as soon as they attained puberty.
  • Kid Parents: Child marriages resulted in having children even when the parents were themselves kids.
  • Teenage Lady: The teenage lady is not physically fit to bear the foetus and nourish it properly.
  • Deformities: Deformities are common in children of early marriage.
  • MMR and IMR: Material and infant mortality rates are high.
  • Health of Ladies: The ladies remain weak, anaemic and an easy prey to several diseases.
  • Population Growth:There has been a surge in population size.

Strategies

  • General Awareness: With the help of audio-visual aids, print media, primary health centres, both government and non-government agencies are engaged in creating general awareness among people about  various aspects of reproduction.
  • Sex Education: It has been included in school curricula. Proper sex education helps in removing myths and misconceptions about various sex related aspects, reproductive organs, changes during adolescence, harms of early sex, hygienic sexual practices, sexually trasmitted diseases, etc.
  • Family Welfare Information: Fertile couples and all other persons of marriageable age must be educated about available birth control options, reasons for fertility control, care of would-be-mothers, post-natal care of mother and child, importance of breast feeding, providing equal opportunities to male and female children and desired size of the family where every child can be given due attention, care and  education.
  • Uncontrolled Population: The harmful effect of uncontrolled population explosion must be known to everybody so that one should not only feel responsible but also act responsible.
  • Sex Determination: There is now a statutory ban on determination of foetal sex through amniocentesis (determination of chromosome number and type in cells found in amniotic fluid) and sonography (observation of genitalia and follicles).
  • Marriageable Age: Child marriages have been banned in India. The minimum marriageable age is now 21 years for boys and 18 years for girls.
  • Research: Research into improved techniques of contraception is a continuing process. Saheli, a new nonsteroidal contraceptive once-a-week pill has been developed by Central Drug Research Institute (CDRI), Lucknow, India.
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