Summary

Resources And Development of Class 10

Resource Planning in India : It involves:

  • Identification and inventory of resources across the regions of the country.
  • Evolving a planning structure endowed with appropriate technology, skill and institutional set up far implementing resource development plans.
  • Matching the resources development plans with over all national development plans.

Land use Pattern in India :

  • Total geographical area of India is 3.28 million sq. km.
  • Land use data however is available only for 93% of the total area because the land use reporting far most of the North-East States except Assam has not been done fully.
  • Some area of Jammu and Kashmir occupied by Pakistan and China have also not been surveyed.
  • The land under permanent pasture has also decreased.
  • Fallow land - left without cultivation far one or less than one agricultural year.
  • Net sown area total -total area sown in an agricultural year.
  • More net sown area in Punjab and Haryana.
  • Less net sown area in Arunachal Pradesh, Mizoram, Manipur and Andaman Nicobar Islands.
  • National Forest Policy in India in 1952.
  • Waste land includes rocky, Arid and desert area and land put to other non agricultural uses includes settlements, roads, railways, industry etc.
  • Continuous use of land over a long period of time without taking appropriate measures to  conserve and manage it.
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