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Telangana Board of Class 10 Science Syllabus 2020-2021

BSE Telangana | TSBSE-Telangana Board of Education

Telangana Board of Class 10 Science Syllabus 2020-2021

Board of Secondary Education (BSE) Telangana State abbreviated BSET, is a Board of Education in Telangana, The Telangana Board of Education has reduce 30% of the Syllabus. BSE Telangana Regulates and Supervises the System of Functioning for the Development of Education of Secondary Examination for Public and Private Schools under the State Government of Telangana. The BSE Telangana Controls and Maintains all the necessary Secondary Education in the State of Telangana.

Telangana SSC Board Science Syllabus for SSC (Class 10) is one among the foremost important aspects of academics. With the Telangana Board Class 10 Science syllabus, students will get a radical knowledge of the topics at a look. Science is a vast subject. Information often under topics are often wide and broad, having knowledge of contents prescribed by the board becomes very essential.

Download PDF of Class 10 Science Syllabus

The syllabus of Telangana SSC Science is devised during a well-structured manner. The contains topics covered under 2 major sub sections like Physical Sciences (containing Chapters from Physics and Chemistry), and Biology. First 12 Chapters of the Syllabus lists the Chapters 1-12 from Physical Sciences then 10 Chapters from Biology. The chapters listed within the syllabus are mentioned below.


Chapter – 1: Reflection of light at curved surface

1.1 Normal to the curved surface

1.2 Spherical mirrors, convex and concave mirrors

1.3 Pole, Focus, Centre of curvature, principle axis, Radius of curvature, Focal length

1.4 Images formed by spherical mirrors

1.5 Ray diagrams for spherical mirrors

1.5.1 Rules for Ray diagrams by sign laws of reflection

1.6 Formula for spherical mirrors – sign convention

1.6.1 Magnification

1.7 Application of reflection – Solar Cooker

Chapter – 2: Chemical Equations and Reactions

2.1 Some daily life examples of chemical reactions

2.2 Chemical equations – writing chemical equations, skeletal chemical equations, balancing chemical equations

2.3 Writing symbols of physical states, Heat changes, gas evolved and precipitate formed

2.4 Interpreting a balanced chemical equation

2.4.1 Calculations based on mass, volume, number of molecules and moles

Chapter – 3: Acids, Bases and Salts

3.1 Chemical properties of acids & bases

3.1.1 Acids & Bases in laboratory – Indicators

3.1.2 Reaction of Acids & Bases with Metals

3.1.3 Reaction of Acids & Bases with Metal Carbonates and Metal hydrogen   carbonates

3.1.4 Reaction of Acids & Bases with each other (Neutralization)

3.1.5 Reaction of Acids with Metallic oxides

3.1.6 Reaction of Bases with Non-Metallic oxides

3.2 What do acids have in common? What do bases have in common?

3.3 Do Acids produce Ions only in Aqueous Solution?

3.4 Reaction of Acid, Base with water

3.5 Strength of Acid or Base – pH scale

3.6 Importance of pH in everyday life

3.6.1 Sensitivity of plants and animals to pH

3.6.2 pH of soils, pH in the digestive system, pH tooth decay

3.6.3 Self-defense by animals and plants through chemical warfare

3.7 Salts

3.7.1 Family of salts

3.7.2 pH of salts

3.8 Chemicals from common salt

3.8.1 Common salt – a raw material for other chemicals

3.8.2 Preparation of Sodium Hydroxide, bleaching powder, Baking soda, Washing soda and uses

3.8.3 Removing of water of crystallization

3.8.4 Plaster of Paris

Chapter – 4: Refraction of light at curved surface

4.1 Refraction of light at curved surface

4.1.1 Image formation – Derivation of curved surface formula

4.2 Lenses

4.2.1 Focal length of the lens

4.3 Rules for Ray diagram

4.4 Images formed by the lenses

4.5 Formula derived for thin lenses

4.6 Focal length of lens depends on the surrounding medium

4.7 Lens maker formula

Chapter – 5: Human eye and colourful world

5.1 Least distance of distinct vision, Angle of vision

5.2 Structure of human Eye – Focal length of human Eye lens, accommodation

5.3 Common accommodation defects of vision – Myopia, Hypermetropia, presbyopia

5.3.1 Power of lens

5.4 Prism

5.4.1 Refractive Index of Prism

5.4.2 Derivation of formula for Refractive Index of Prism

5.5 Dispersion

5.5.1 Rainbow

5.6 Scattering of light

Chapter – 6: Structure of atom

6.1 Spectrum

6.1.1 Wave nature of light

6.2 Electromagnetic Spectrum

6.2.1 Planck’s theory

6.3 Bohr’s model of Hydrogen atom and its limitations

6.3.1 Bohr – Sommerfeld model of an Atom

6.4 Quantum mechanical model of an Atom

6.4.1 Quantum numbers

6.4.2 Main shells, Subshells and orbitals in different subshells

6.4.3 Shapes of s, p & d orbitals

6.5 Electronic Configuration of elements in their atoms

6.6 nl x rule, Energies of electronic energy levels (n+l) rule ; Aufbau Principle, Pauli’s principle, Hund’s Rule of maximum multiplicity, Stable configurations

Chapter – 7: Classification of Elements – The Periodic Table

7.1 Need for arrangement of elements in an organized manner

7.1.1 Historical background of classification of elements

7.2 Doberieners Triads – Limitations

7.3 Newland’s law of Octaves

7.4 Mendeleev’s Periodic Table (Periodic law, Achievements & Limitations)

7.5 Modern Periodic Table.

7.5.1 Position of Elements in Modern Periodic Table



Metals and Non-metals

7.5.2 Trends in Modern Periodic Table (Valency, Atomic size, Ionization Energy, Electron Affinity, Electronegativity, Metallic & Non-metallic properties)

Chapter – 8: Chemical Bonding

8.1 Chemical bond definition (brief explanation)

8.1.1 Lewis Symbols (or) Lewis Dot Structures

8.2 Electronic theory of Valence by Lewis and Kossel

8.2.1 Octet Rule

8.3 Ionic and Covalent bonds: examples with Lewis Dot formulae

8.3.1 The arrangement of Ions in Ionic compounds

8.3.2 Factors affecting the formation of cation and anion

8.4 Shapes, bond lengths and bond energies in molecules

8.5 Valence shell electron pair repulsion theory

8.6 Valence bond theory – examples like H2, Cl2, H2O, BF3, CH4, NH3, C2H6, C2H4, C2H2 etc

8.7 Hybridisation and explanation of H2O, BF3, CH4, NH3 etc., molecules

8.8 Properties of Ionic and Covalent Compounds

Chapter – 9: Electric Current

9.1 Electric current

9.1.1  I = Q / t

9.1.2   I = nqAVd

9.2 Potential difference

9.3 How a battery or a cell works

9.3.1 EMF

9.4 Ohms law and its limitations, resistance, specific resistance, factors influencing resistance, electric shock

9.5 Electric Circuits

9.5.1 Series and parallel connection of resistances

9.5.2 Kirchoff’s Laws

9.6 Electric power

9.7 Safety fuses

Chapter – 10: Electromagnetism

10.1 Oersted Experiment

10.2 Magnetic field – field lines

10.2.1 Magnetic Flux – Magnetic Flux density

10.3 Magnetic field due to currents

10.3.1 Due to current carrying straight wire

10.3.2 Due to circular loop

10.3.3 Solenoid

10.4 Magnetic force on moving charge and current carrying wire

10.4.1 Right hand rule

10.5 Electric motor

10.6 Electromagnetic induction – Faraday’s law (including magnetic flux) – Lenz law

10.6.1 Derivation of Faraday’s law

10.6.2 Applications of Faraday’s law of electromagnetic induction

10.7 Generators and Alternating – Direct Currents

Chapter – 11: Principles of Metallurgy

11.1 Occurrence of Metals in nature

11.2 Extraction of metals from the Ores – activity series and related metallurgy, flow chart of steps involved in the extraction of metals from ore.

11.2.1 Enrichment of ores (Concentration or Dressing)

11.2.2 Extraction of Crude metal from the ore

Extracting metals low in the activity series

Extracting metal in the middle of the activity series

Extracting metal in the top of the activity series

11.2.3 Refining metals (purification of the crude metal)

Electrolytic refining




Chapter – 12: Carbon and its compounds

12.1 Introduction of Carbon compounds

12.2 Promotion of an Electron – Bonding in Carbon including Hybridization

12.3 Allotropes of Carbon

Amorphous Forms

Crystalline Forms (Diamond, Graphite, C60 and Nanotubes)

12.4 Versatile nature of carbon

12.4.1 Catenation and tetravalency

12.5 Hydrocarbons

12.5.1 Open and Closed Chain Hydrocarbons

12.5.2 Saturated and Unsaturated Hydrocarbons

12.6 Bonding of carbon with other elements

12.6.1 Functional groups in carbon compounds

12.7 Isomerism

12.8 Homologous series (Alkanes, Alkenes and Alkynes)

12.9 Nomenclature of Carbon compounds

12.10 Chemical properties of carbon compounds

12.10.1Combustion reactions

12.10.2Oxidation Reaction (Alcohol to Acids)

12.10.3Addition reactions

12.10.4Substitution reactions

12.11 Important carbon compounds

12.11.1 Ethanol

12.11.2 Properties of Ethanol – General properties, reaction of ethanol with sodium, reaction with hot concentrated sulphuric acid.

12.11.3 Ethanoic acid

12.11.4 Properties of Ethanoic acid – General properties, Reaction with a base, sodium hydroxide, sodium carbonate and sodium hydrogen carbonate

12.12 Esterification reactions

12.13 Soaps – Saponification, Micelles

12.13.1 Cleansing action of Soap

Science Telangana SSC:  Biology Syllabus

Chapter 1- Nutrition

1.1 Life process- Introduction

1.1.1 Autotrophic and heterotrophic nutrition

1.2 Photosynthesis

1.2.1 Understand the concept of photosynthesis

1.2.2 Raw materials required for photosynthesis –  H2O, CO2 sunlight

1.2.3 Process of releasing oxygen in photosynthesis

1.2.4 Necessity of light for formation of carbohydrate

1.2.5 Chlorophyll – Photosynthesis

1.2.6 Where does photosynthesis takes place

1.2.7 Mechanism of photosynthesis:

(i) Light reaction, (ii) Dark reaction

1.3 Nutrition in organisms

1.3.1 How do the organisms obtain the food?

1.3.2 Cuctuta – Parasitic nutrition

1.4 Digestion in human beings

Process of movement of food through the alimentary canal

Litmus paper test


Flow chart of Human digestive system

1.5 Healthy points about esophagus

1.6 Malnutrition – disease

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