Mobilisation And Organisations

Struggles And Movement Front of Class 10


  • In Nepal the call for indefinite strike was given by the SPA or the Seven Party Alliance. This alliance included some big parties that had some members in the Parliament.
  • The SAP was not the only organization behind this mass upsurge. The protest was joined by the Nepalese Communist Party (Maoist) which did not believe in parliamentary democracy.
  • This party was involved in an armed struggle against the Nepali Government and had established its control over larger parts of Nepal.
  • The struggle involved many organizations other than political parties. All the major labour unions and their federations joined this movement.
  • Many other organizations like the organization of the indigenous people, teachers, lawyers and human rights groups extended support to the movement.


  • The protest against water privatization in Bolivia was not led by any political party. It was led by an organization called FEDECOR.
  • This organization comprised of local professionals, including engineers and environmentalists.
  • They were supported by a federation of farmers who relied on irrigation, the confederation of factory workers' unions, middle class students from the University of Cochabamba and the city's growing population of homeless street children.
  • The movement was supported by the Socialist Party. In 2006, this party came to power in Bolivia.


From both these examples we can see that a democracy several different kinds of organizations work behind any big struggle. These organizations play their role in two way.

  • One obvious way of influencing the decisions in a democracy is direct participation in competitive politics. This is done by creating parties, contesting elections and forming governments. But every citizen does not participate so directly. They may not have the desire, the need or the skills to take part in direct political activity other than voting.
  • There are many indirect ways in which people can get governments to listen to their demands or their point of view. They could do so by forming an organization and undertaking activities to promote their interest or their viewpoint. These are called interest groups or pressure groups. Sometimes people o decide to act together without forming organization.
right adv
right adv
Talk to Our counsellor