# CLAT logical Reasoning

This page is prepared by Academic experts of Physics Wallah and consist of clat logical reasoning questions with detail solutions. Each sheet of clat logical reasoning questions consist of almost 50 questions with detail solutions as per the syllabus of clat . Questions of clat logical reasoning required basic logics and application.

Solving clat logical reasoning questions form Physics Wallah will boost your score and prepare you to go for CLAT exam.

### What is the syllabus of CLAT logical reasoning

The syllabus of clat logical reasoning consist of the following parts.

Analogy

Series

Syllogism

Coding-Decoding

Blood Relations

Direction Sense Test

Odd One Out

Sitting Arrangement

Statement and Conclusion

Statement and Assumptions

Statement and Arguments

Statement and Courses of Action

Cause and Effect

Principle and Fact Situation

Passage & Conclusion

### Sample Questions based on Logical Reasoning for CLAT Exam

Directions: (Q.No. 1 – Q.No. 5) : In each question below, statement is given followed by two assumptions numbered I and II. An assumption is something supposed or taken for granted. You have to consider the statement and the following assumptions and decide which of the assumptions is implicit it in the statement. Give answer.

1.Statement: The government is planning a major crackdown against those involved in wildlife crimes.

Assumptions:

I: People involved in wildlife crimes are not punished severely now.

II: Wildlife crimes have become very rampant.

(a)if only assumption I is implicit

(b)if only assumption II is implicit

(c)if either I or II is implicit

(d)if both I and II are implicit

1.(d)

Assumption I is correct as otherwise why should the government go in for a major crackdown on those involved. A major crackdown can only occur if people involved in the crime at the present moment are let off leniently.

Once again in assumption II, there is no reason for the government to affect a major crackdown unless wild life crimes have become very.

2. Statement: It would be interesting to see how the Indian cricket team fares abroad.

Assumptions:

I: The Indian cricket team is winning in domestic matches only.

II: The Indian cricket team generally wins when playing abroad.

(a) if only assumption I is implicit

(b) if only assumption II is implicit

(c) if either I or II is implicit

(d) if both I and II are implicit

2. (c)

If it is interesting to see how the Indian cricket team fares abroad, there can be either of two possibilities. First, the Indian team loses at home but wins abroad or the Indian team wins at home but loses abroad.

3. Statement: The miniature replica of an ivory elephant is my most prized possession at home.

Assumptions:

I: The replica is the costliest thing in my possession.

II: The replica is very dear to my heart.

(a) if only assumption I is implicit

(b) if only assumption II is implicit

(c) if either I or II is implicit

(d) if neither I nor II is implicit

3. (d)

Your most prized possession need not be the costliest thing at home. II is rejected, because it is a re-statement once again.

4. Statement: East Bengal defeated Assam Rifles 2-1 to win the Durand Cup knockout tournament.

Assumption:

I: Assam Rifles reached the finals of the Durand Cup.

II: The Durand Cup is given in a game where goals are the only criterion for a teams win or loss.

(a) if only assumption I is implicit

(b) if only assumption II is implicit

(c) if either I or II is implicit

(d) if neither I nor II is implicit

4. (a)

When a team wins a knock-out tournament, it does so by vanquishing its opponent in the finals. Hence I follow. II does not follow because the score 2-1 may represent a difference in points also, not goals.

5. Statement: Air fares have been increased yet again to meet the ensuing deficit.

Assumptions:

I: If the fares were not hiked, the deficit would not have been met.

II: The fares were high even earlier.

(a) if only assumption I is implicit

(b) if only assumption II is implicit

(c) if either I or II is implicit

(d) if both I and II are implicit

5. (d)

The way the statement has been made, it assures that the only way to counter the deficit was via an increase in the railway fares. The usage of the word ‘yet’ make assumption I also valid.

11-15. Statements and Assumptions – Medium

Directions (16-17): Study the given information carefully and answer the given questions:

Tom, Hari, Ram and John live on floors 3 to 6 of the same six storied building. Tom lives on fourth floor. Only one person lives on the floor between Tom and Hari. Ram does not live on a floor above Tom’s floor.

16. Who lives on a floor immediately above Hari’s floor?

(a) Tom (b) Ram (c) John (d) Tom or Ram

16. (c)

6 – Hari

5 – John

17. Who lives on fifth floor?

(a) Tom (b) Hari (c) Ram (d) John

17. (d)

4 – Tom

3 – Ram

16-17. Sequence – Medium

Direction (18 – 20): Answer the questions based on the following data.

A is the father of C. But C is not his son.

E is the daughter of C. F is the spouse of A.

B is the brother of C. D is the son of B.

G is the son of B. H is the father of G.

18. Who is the grandmother of D?

(a) A (b) C

(c) F (d) H

18. (c)

As explained F is the grandmother of D.

19. Who is the son of F?

(a) B (b) C

(c) D (d) E

19. (a)

As explained above, B is the son of A and F is the spouses of A. So B is the son of F. Hence correct option is (a).

20. C is A’s father’s nephew. D is A’s cousin but not the brother of C. how is D related to C?

(a) Father (b) Sister

(c) Mother (d) Aunt

20. (b)

C is A’s father’s nephew means C is the son of A’s father’s brother i.e. C is the cousin of A. D is also A’s cousin. So D must be real brother or sister of C. But D is not brother of C. So, D must be sister of C. hence correct answer option is (b).

21-25. Statement and conclusion – Medium

Direction: (Q.No. 26 – 30) : Each question are given two statements (A) and (B). These statements may be either independent causes or may be effects of independent causes or a common cause. One of these statements may be the effect of the other statement. Read both the statements and decide which of the following answer choice correctly depicts the relationship between these two statements.

26. (A) Government has tightened security checks at all important places and also at various public places.

(B)  Incidences of terrorist attacks are increasing day by day.

(a) If statement (A) is the cause and statement (B) its effect.

(b) If statement (B) is the cause and statement (A) is its effect.

(c) If both the statements (A) and (B) are independent causes.

(d) If both the statements (A) and (B) are effects of independent causes.

26. (a)

It seems that activeness of Road Development Authorities is the result of the order issued by the High Court. Hence, ‘A’ is the cause and ‘B’ is its effect.

27. (A) The police authority has recently caught a group of house breakers.

(B)  The citizens groups in the locality have started night vigil in the area.

(a) If statement (A) is the cause and statement (B) its effect.

(b) If statement (B) is the cause and statement (A) is its effect.

(c) If both the statements (A) and (B) are independent causes.

(d) If both the statements (A) and (B) are effects of independent causes.

27. (a)

The event mentioned in the statement ‘A’ compelled the citizens to initiate security measures as mentioned in the statement ‘B’. Hence, ‘A’ is the cause and ‘B’ is its effect.

28. (A) The Govt, has decided to allow private universities to run their own courses after obtaining necessary approvals.

(B)  There has been a continuous decrease in the number of students enrolled for various courses offered by the Govt-run universities.

(a) If statement (A) is the cause and statement (B) its effect.

(b) If statement (B) is the cause and statement (A) is its effect.

(c) If both the statements (A) and (B) are independent causes.

(d) If both the statements (A) and (B) are effects of independent causes.

28. (b)

Here the decision taken by the government (as mentioned in statement ‘A’) is aimed at equipping private universities so that these universities can facilitate more students to pursue their desired course.

Now, from statement ‘B’ we come to know that the government is compelled to do because of the continuous decrease in the number of students enrolled for various courses. Hence, ‘B’ is the cause ‘A’ is its effect..

29. (A) The wholesale vegetable market is flooded with fresh stock.

(B) The government has recently increased the procurement price of vegetables.

(a) If statement (A) is the cause and statement (B) its effect.

(b) If statement (B) is the cause and statement (A) is its effect.

(c) If both the statements (A) and (B) are independent causes.

(d) If both the statements (A) and (B) are effects of independent causes.

29. (a)

Here the effort (mentioned in ‘B’) has been taken by the government to control the prices of the vegetable so that the interest of the farmers can be protected. Note that fresh stock of vegetables in the market can reduce the prices of vegetables sharply. Hence, ‘A” is the cause and ‘B’ is its effect.

30. (A) The school authority has decided to increase tuition fees by 30 per cent from the next academic year.

(B) The government has urged the local public to enroll all their children to schools in the area.

(a) If statement (A) is the cause and statement (B) its effect.

(b) If statement (B) is the cause and statement (A) is its effect.

(c) If both the statements (A) and (B) are independent causes.

(d) If both the statements (A) and (B) are effects of independent causes.

30. (d)

‘A’ may be the effect of the increase in demand ‘B’ is the effect of the aim to increase literacy rate. Hence, both ‘A’ bad ‘B’ is effect.

26-30. Cause and Effect - Mediu

Directions (Q. Nos. 31 to 33) Read the following information carefully and then answer the questions.

Four friends W, X, Y and Z are students of class 10th. W and X are good in Hindi but poor in English. W and Y are good in Science but poor in Mathematics. Y and Z are good in English but poor in Social Studies. Z and X are good in Mathematics as well as in Science.

31. Who amongst the following friends is not good in Mathematics but good in Hindi?

(a) W (b) Y

(c) X (d) Z

31. (a)

W is not goods in mathematics but good in Hindi.

32. Which of the following pairs of friends are good both in English and Science?

(a) W and Y (b) W and Z

(c) Y and Z (d) Z and X

32. (c)

Y and Z pair of friends are good both in English and Science.

33. Which of the following statements is definitely true?

(a) Y and Z are good in English as well as in Hindi

(b) All four friends are good in Science

(c) W is good in Social Studies, Hindi and Science

(d) Y is not good in Mathematics, Hindi and Social Studies

33. (b)

From the given above diagram we clearly say that all four friends are goods in Science.

31-33. Arrangement – Medium

Directions (34 – 37): In each of the following questions one interrogative statements followed by two arguments, one beginning with ‘yes’ and the other with ‘no’. Mark:

(a) if only argument 1 is forceful

(b) if only argument 2 is forceful

(c) if both 1 and 2 are forceful

(d) if neither 1 nor 2 is forceful.

34. Should widow remarriages be made obligatory?

1. Yes, because a widow suffers in various ways.

2. No, because a suffering widow will remain maladjusted.

34. (d)

Neither 1 nor 2 convinces us as to how making/ not making widow remarriage obligatory will change the situation.

35. Is it justified not to permit a girl below 18 to get married?

1. Yes, because marriage would shorten the span of her life.

2. No, because if a girl is married at his mouldable age she can adjust in the new family properly.

35. (d)

it does not give a reason as to how marriages would shorten the life span. 2 gives a reason justifying marriage whereas the statement should in fact be telling you what will happen if a girl does not get married.

36. Should the people in India be legally force to adopt family planning programme?

1. Yes, because population explosion is perhaps the greatest threat to Inida’s economic development.

2. No, because nothing in a democratic country like India should be implemented by force.

36. (b)

Since only statement 2 addresses the issue of the programme being legally forced.

37. Should love marriages be encouraged?

1. Yes, because men and women would have freedom to choose their life companions, thereby leading to a blissful marriage.

2. No, because the sanctity associated will the institution of marriage will come to an end.

37. (a)

The first answer provides a valid reason stating that it allows in freedom in choosing a life companion, which in turn leads to a blissful marriage. The second answer is not forceful as it does not say how love would tarnish the sanctity associated with institution of marriage.

34-37. Statement and Arguments – Medium

Directions (Q. Nos. 38-40) : In the following three questions, assume that a fact' expresses something that can be proved by clear and objective data. An opinion expresses a judgment, view, attitude, or conclusion that is not backed by data.

38. Which one of the following statements is best described as an assertion of opinion rather than an assertion of fact?

(a) Brazil, China and India are now among the largest emitters of greenhouse gases

(b) Scientists agree that human activity is an important cause of climate change

(c) The Indian government's policy on climate change is misguided

(d) The Indian government's policy on climate change has changed significantly in the last five years

38. (b)

39. (A) The number of people migrating into Bengaluru has increased significantly in recent years.

(B) This is because Bengaluru provides more economic opportunities than the towns and villages from which these migrants come.

(C) This sudden influx of migrants has made the city less pleasant to live in.

(D) The success of the government's rural employment guarantee act might have the effect of stemming some rural-urban migration.'

Which one of the above statements is best described as an assertion of opinion rather than an assertion of fact?

(a) A (b) B

(c) C (d) D

39. (d)

40. Which one of the following statements, if true, is best described as an assertion of opinion rather than an assertion of fact?

(a) Mumbai is larger than Pune. (b) Mumbai is smaller than Pune.

(c) Mumbai is more cultured than Pune. (d) Mumbai is more crowded than Pune.

40. (c)

38-40. Principle and Fact Situation – Medium