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Some Basic Elements Of Geometry

Basics of Geometry of Class 6

Some Basic elements of Geometry

There are three basic elements which form the building blocks of Geometry (i) Point  (ii) Line (iii) Plane

Point

A point has position and its location can be ascertained. If has no length, breadth or thickness. A dot made with a sharp pencil may be taken as roughly representing a point.

Some examples: The corners of a square, the tip of an ice cone etc, are examples of a point.

point

Points are denoted by capital letters like A, B, C, D etc. and read as ‘Point A’, ‘Point B’, ‘Point C’, ‘Point D’.

Line

The basic concept of a line is its straightness and it extends indefinitely in both directions.

line

Collinear Points

Points lying on the same line are called collinear points.

collinear points

Plane

A plane is a flat surface extending in definitely in all directions.

plane

Intersecting and parallel planes 

We know that the two adjacent walls of a room intersect along a line, while the floor and ceiling of a room do not intersect.

The planes which do not intersect are called parallel planes.

The planes which intersect along a line are called intersecting planes

CO-Planar Lines

Two or more lines which lie in the same plane are called coplanar lines.

Example: In plane ABC, lines l, m, n, is there. So, l, m, n are called coplanar lines.

coplanar lines

Concurrent Lines

Three or more lines passing through the same point are called con-current lines. The common point is called the point of concurrence.

Examples: 

l, m, n and p are con-current lines passing through the common point p. 

concurrent lines

Line Segment

A line segment is a part of a line. It has two end points and a definite length.

Let A and B be two points in a plane and L be the line passing through A and B. The part of the line l between points A an B is called the line segment AB. It is denoted by AB or line segment AB.

line segment

 

 

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