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Alternating Current Circuits

Alternating Current (A.C.) Source

An alternating current changes its direction of flow periodically. For a half cycle, it flows in one direction and for the next half cycle, it flows in opposite direction.

Alternating Current (A.C.) Source

Mean value for half-cycle of AC

Mean value of AC is the total charge that flows through a circuit element in a given time interval divided by the time interval.

Ratios For Currents Or Voltages

For half cycle

Ratios For Currents Or Voltages

Note :  For complete cycle, mean value = 0


RMS value of alternating supply

L.R. Circuit

A.C. Voltage Applied to a Resistor

V = Vmsinωt

C.R. Circuit

The instantaneous power dissipated in the resistor is

L.C.R. Resonant Circuit

The average value of ‘p’ over a cycle is
L.C.R. Resonant Circuit

To find the value of current through the resistor, we apply ohm's law

L.C.R. Resonant Circuit

Since R is a constant, we can write this equation as

alternating current

In a pure resistor, the voltage and current are in phase. The minima, zero, and maxima occur at the same respective times.

Alternating Voltage Applied to an Inductor
Let the voltage across the source be V = Vm sinωt.

alternating current

If, there be no resistor in the circuit,

a.c

a.c

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