What are Biological methods of Pest control
Biological methods of Pest control
Biopesticides are living organisms of their products used for killing pests of interfering with their biological processes.
(i) Bioherbicides : Biological control of weeds involves (a) Utilization of insects which would feed selectively on weeds and (b) use of certain microorganisms which produce diseases in weeds and eliminate them. Much of the work using insects for biological control has been done in North America. In India and Australia, the overgrown of cacti was checked by the introduction of cochineal insect (Cactoblastis cactorum). The first bioherbicide was mycoherbicide, based on the fungus Phytophthora palmivora, and was developed in 1981.
(ii) Bioinsecticides : Bioinsecticides include :
(a) Pathogens, parasites and predators
(b) Sterilization strategy
(c) Insect hormones
(d) Natural insecticides
Aphids have been controlled by the use of ladybugs or praying mantis. Screw-worm was eradicated by releasing sterile males (sterilized by irradiation) at the time of mating to compete with natural fertile population. Introduction of juvenile hormones at inappropriate time results in the early death of insect pests.
Natural insecticides are obtained mostly from plants and occasionally from microbes.
Botanical insecticides and their sources