What is Bryophyte in biology?

Biology Doubts

BRYOPHYTA

All plants outside thallophytes are included in the group embryophytes. The term embryophytes was used by Engler (1886). The embryophytes possess an embryo stage in life cycle, and jacketed multicellular sex organs. This group includes bryophytes, pteridophytes, gymnosperms and angiosperms.

The term bryophyta, (Gk. biyon moss; phyton plant), is used as a collective name to represent a group of plants that includes liverworts, hornworts and mosses growing predominantly in amphibious environment. The group, therefore, goes well with the name of amphibians of plant kingdom owing to the amphibious habitat of plants. The plants are characterized by the presence of conspicuous, green, well developed, nutritionally independent gametophytes to which are always attached physically and nutritionally dependent sporophytes. The gametophyte constitutes the dominant phase of life cycle that exhibits sharply defined alternation of generation.

The group consists of about 960 genera and over 25,000 species occurring world wide in distribution. Biology Doubts page consist of more questions and answer related to this topic. 

 

What is Bryophyte in biology?

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